Research Article

Related GMR Articles

In vitro culture; Mixed high-energy particle field; Mutants; peanut; Radiation

To develop new ways to breed peanut, we irradiated seeds of the Luhua 11 cultivar with a mixed high-energy particle field at different doses. The embryonic leaflets were extracted as explants and incubated on somatic embryo induction medium and then on somatic embryo germination and regeneration medium. After being grafted, the M1-generation plants were transplanted, and seeds from each M ... more

J.S. Wang; L.X. Qiao; L.S. Zhao; P. Wang; B.T. Guo; L.X. Liu; J.M. Sui
Artificial hybridization; Groundnut; peanut; Pollen; Pre-breeding; Wild species

The peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is an important food crop in much of the tropical and semi-tropical parts of the world. The peanut is an allotetraploid with an AABB genome formula derived from diploids A. duranensis (A genome) and A. ipaënsis (B genome). The success of an introgression program that aims to improve cultivated varieties of the peanut depends on ... more

D.C. Wondracek-Lüdke; A.R. Custodio; C.E. Simpson; J.F.M. Valls
Gynophore; MicroRNA sequencing; peanut

Peanut is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world that provides a significant amount of lipids and protein for many people. The gynophore plays an important role in gynophore development after fertilization of the peanut ovule. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in numerous developmental and physiological plant ... more

Y. Shen; Y.H. Liu; X.J. Zhang; Q. Sha; Z.D. Chen; Y. Shen; Y.H. Liu; X.J. Zhang; Q. Sha; Z.D. Chen
Gene expression; Hypoxia; Muscle; Pig

Hypoxia influences many physiological processes, such as respiration, cardiovascular, neurophysiology, and digestion. Skeletal muscle is an important motor organ, which relies on oxygen of oxidation; however, the study of hypoxia in skeletal muscle is lacking. In order to understand the effect of hypoxia on skeletal muscle, we determined the expression level of four hypoxia-related genes ( ... more

J. Zhang; L. Chen; K.R. Long; Z.P. Mu
Gene expression; Hyperplasia and hypertrophy; Megalobrama amblycephala; Morphological analysis; Muscle fiber

Skeletal muscle growth is regulated by both positive and negative factors, such as myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) and myostatin (MSTN), and involves both hyperplasia and hypertrophy. In the present study, morphological changes during muscle development in Megalobrama amblycephala were characterized and gene expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain ... more

K.C. Zhu; D.H. Yu; J.K. Zhao; W.M. Wang; H.L. Wang
Annual Medicago; Gene expression; Microarray analysis; Salinity

The present study was conducted to evaluate the responses of three annual Medicago species (M. truncatula, M. laciniata, and M. polymorpha) to salinity. We analyzed publicly available microarray data in NCBI pertaining to salinity-response genes in M. truncatula. Our data search identified Tubby C2 (TLP) and ethylene responsive ... more

F. Gharaghani; F. Rafiei; N. Mirakhorli; E. Ebrahimie
Amino acid transporter; Branched-chain amino acid; Gene expression; Pigs

Excess Leu reduces the availability of Ile and Val in pigs likely by reducing absorption of the latter amino acids (AA). Twenty-four crossbred pigs were used to evaluate the effect of excess Leu alone or with surplus Ile and Val on the expression of cationic (b0,+AT and CAT1) and neutral (B0AT1) AA transporters in the small intestine, liver, and skeletal ... more

M. Cervantes; N. Arce; H. García; M. Cota; J.K. Htoo; A. Morales
Carotenoid; Citrus; Gene expression; Stability

Red-fleshed oranges (Citrus sinensis) contain high levels of carotenoids and lycopene. The growing consumer demand for products with health benefits has increased interest in these types of Citrus cultivars as a potential source of nutraceuticals. However, little is known about the physiology of these cultivars under Brazilian conditions. Transcriptome and gene ... more

T.T. Pinheiro; D.S. Nishimura; F.B. De Nadai; A. Figueira; R.R. Latado
BP neural network; Colon cancer; Gene expression; S-Kohonen neural network; SVM neural network

Based on gene expression, we have classified 53 colon cancer patients with UICC II into two groups: relapse and no relapse. Samples were taken from each patient, and gene information was extracted. Of the 53 samples examined, 500 genes were considered proper through analyses by S-Kohonen, BP, and SVM neural networks. Classification accuracy obtained by S-Kohonen neural network reaches 91 ... more

H.P. Hu; Z.J. Niu; Y.P. Bai; X.H. Tan
Bovine mammary epithelial cells; Deep sequencing; Escherichia coli; Gene expression; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Staphylococcus aureus

The goal of this study was to characterize the transcriptome of primary bovine mammalian epithelial cells (pBMECs) and to identify candidate genes for response and resistance to Staphylococcus aureus (strain S108), Escherichia coli (strain E23), and Klebsiella pneumoniae (strain K96) infection. Using Solexa sequencing, approximately 4.9 million total sequence tags ... more

L. Xiu; Y.B. Fu; Y. Deng; X.J. Shi; Z.Y. Bian; A. Ruhan; X. Wang