Research Article

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06/02/2009
Hygienic behavior; Plebeia remota; Stingless bees

We investigated hygienic behavior in 10 colonies of Plebeia remota, using the pin-killed method. After 24 h the bees had removed a mean of 69.6% of the dead brood. After 48 h, the bees had removed a mean of 96.4% of the dead brood. No significant correlation was found between the size of the brood comb and the number of dead pupae removed, and there was no apparent effect of the ... more

P. Nunes-Silva; V.L. Imperatriz-Fonseca; L.S. Gonçalves
05/12/2009
greenhouse; pollination; Stingless bees; strawberry

We investigated the success of two stingless bee species in pollinating strawberries in greenhouses. Three greenhouses and one open field area were used; one greenhouse had only strawberry plants (control), another (G1) had three colonies of Scaptotrigona aff. depilis and another (G2) had three colonies of Nannotrigona testaceicornis. In the open field area, the ... more

A.C. Roselino; S.B. Santos; M. Hrncir; L.R. Bego
09/30/2003
Africanized honey bee; Antennae; Flagellomere; Honey bee; Hygienic behavior; Plate organs; Sensilla placodea

Hygienic behavior is a desirable trait in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.), as hygienic bees quickly remove diseased brood, interrupting the infectious cycle. Hygienic lines of honey bees appear to be more sensitive to the odors of dead and diseased honey bee brood, and Africanized honey bees are generally more hygienic than are European honey bees. We compared the number of sensilla ... more

K.Peres Gramacho; L.Segui Gonçalves; A.Carlos Stort; A.Backx Noronha
03/31/2005
Apis mellifera; Honey bees; Hygienic behavior; Removing; Uncapping

Most research on hygienic behavior has recorded the time taken by the colony to remove an experimental amount of dead brood, usually after one or two days. We evaluated the time that hygienic (H) and non-hygienic (NH) honey bees take to uncap and remove dead brood in observation hives after the brood was killed using the pin-killing assay. Four experimental colonies were selected as ... more

M.Alejandra Palacio; J.Manuel Flores; E. Figini; S. Ruffinengo; A. Escande; E. Bedascarrasbure; E. Rodriguez; L.Segui Gonçalves
06/30/2009
Africanized honey bees; Apis mellifera; body fluid; Carniolan honey bees; Hygienic behavior; pin-killing method

In Apis mellifera, hygienic behavior involves recognition and removal of sick, damaged or dead brood from capped cells. We investigated whether bees react in the same way to grouped versus isolated damaged capped brood cells. Three colonies of wild-type Africanized honey bees and three colonies of Carniolan honey bees were used for this investigation. Capped worker brood cells aged 12 ... more

K.P. Gramacho; L.S. Gonçalves
06/23/2009
Africanized honey bee; Apis mellifera; Hygienic behavior; Observation hives

The hygienic behavior of honey bees is based on a two-step process, including uncapping and removing diseased, dead, damaged, or parasitized brood inside the cell. We evaluated during periods of 1 h the time that hygienic and non-hygienic colonies of Africanized honey bees spend to detect, uncap and remove pin-killed brood using comb inserts with transparent walls placed in observation hives. ... more

M.M. Morais; T.M. Francoy; R.A. Pereira; D. De Jong; L.S. Gonçalves
06/09/2009
Apis mellifera carnica; Carniolan bees; Honey bees; Hygienic behavior; sequences of hygienic behavior

We examined the sequence, order or steps of hygienic behavior (HB) from pin-killed pupae until the removal of them by the bees. We conducted our study with four colonies of Apis mellifera carnica in Germany and made four repetitions. The pin-killing method was used for evaluation of the HB of bees. The data were collected every 2 h after perforation, totaling 13 observations. ... more

K.P. Gramacho; L.S. Gonçalves
06/01/2015
Apis mellifera unicolor; Hygienic behavior; Pin-test; Varroa destructor

Hygienic behavior (HB) is one of the natural mechanisms of honey bee for limiting the spread of brood diseases and Varroa destructor parasitic mite. Objective of our study was to measure HB of Apis mellifera unicolor colonies (N = 403) from three geographic regions (one infested and two free of V. destructor) in Madagascar. The pin-killing method was used for evaluation of the HB. Responses ... more

H. Rasolofoarivao; H. Delatte; L.H.Raveloson Ravaomanarivo; B. Reynaud; J. Clémencet
01/29/2007
Melipona mondury; Melipona rufiventris; Meliponini; Mitochondrial DNA; Polymorphic site; RFLP

Within the Meliponini, a widely distributed group of stingless bees, Melipona rufiventris has been considered as a single, cohesive species. Recently, analysis of morphological characters led to the splitting of this species into two species, M. mondury and M. rufiventris. The former occurs in the Atlantic Rain Forest ranging from Santa Catarina to Bahia ... more

G.S. Barni; R. Strapazzon; J.C.V. Guerra; G. Moretto
10/25/2005
Africanized honeybee; Apidae; Apini; Enzymes; Esterase lipase; Glucosidases; Meliponini; Stingless bee

Hydrolytic enzymes from hypopharyngeal gland extracts of newly emerged, nurse and foraging workers of two eusocial bees, Scaptotrigona postica, a native Brazilian stingless bee, and the Africanized honey bee (Apis mellifera) in Brazil, were compared. The hypopharyngeal gland is rich in enzymes in both species. Fifteen different enzymes were found in the extracts, ... more

R.A.C. Costa; C. da Cruz-Landim

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