Research Article

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Carotenoid cleavage oxygenases (CCOs) are a family of dioxygenases, which specifically catalyze the cleavage of conjugated double bonds in carotenoids and apocarotenoids in plants. In this study, genome-wide analysis of CCO genes in pepper plants was performed using bioinformatic methods. At least 11 members of the CCO gene family were identified in the pepper ... more

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Antioxidants; Carotenoids; Plant Leaves; Reactive oxygen species; Seedlings; Tobacco; Ultraviolet Rays

Carotenoids are important components of plant antioxidant systems, which protect photosystems from photooxidative destruction during ultraviolet-B (UV-B) exposure. The influence of carotenoids on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of plants has rarely been studied. In this study, tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L., 'K326') seedlings exposed to UV-B radiation were used in order to evaluate the effects ... more

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Breast cancer adversely affects the health status of women; therefore, the prevention and treatment of breast cancer is of critical importance. Lycopene is known to possess several biological effects such as removal of free radicals, alleviation of biological oxidative injury, and inhibition of tumor growth. In this study, we aimed to illustrate the effect of lycopene on tumor cell ... more

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Cotton (Gossypium spp) is one of the most economically important crops that provide the world’s most widely used natural fiber. Diseases such as Fusarium wilt and particularly Verticillium wilt seriously affect cotton production, and thus breeding for disease resistance is one of the most important goals of cotton breeding programs. Currently, potential exists to improve disease ... more

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Database; EST; Evolution; Nicotiana; Primer; Single nucleotide polymorphism

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widespread in the Nicotiana genome. Using an alignment and variation detection method, we developed 20,607,973 SNPs, based on the expressed sequence tag sequences of 10 Nicotiana species. The replacement rate was much higher than the transversion rate in the SNPs, and SNPs widely exist in the Nicotiana. In vitro ... more

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Abiotic stress; bZIP; Carrot; Evolution; Group A; Transcription factor

The basic-region/leucine-zipper (bZIP) family is one of the major transcription factor (TF) families associated with responses to abiotic stresses. Many members of group A in this family have been extensively examined and are reported to perform significant functions in ABA signaling as well as in responses to abiotic stresses. In this study, 10 bZIP factors in carrot were classified ... more

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Desmoglein 4 (DSG4) has an important role in the development of wool traits in domestic animals. The full-length DSG4 gene, which contains 3918 bp, a complete open-reading-frame, and encodes a 1040-amino acid protein, was amplified from Liaoning cashmere goat. The sequence was compared with that of DSG4 from other animals and the results show that the DSG4 ... more

G.X. E; Y.J. Zhao; Y.H. Ma; G.L. Cao; J.N. He; R.S. Na; Z.Q. Zhao; C.D. Jiang; J.H. Zhang; S. Arlvd; L.P. Chen; X.Y. Qiu; W. Hu; Y.F. Huang; G.X. E; Y.J. Zhao; Y.H. Ma; G.L. Cao; J.N. He; R.S. Na; Z.Q. Zhao; C.D. Jiang; J.H. Zhang; S. Arlvd; L.P. Chen; X.Y. Qiu; W. Hu; Y.F. Huang