Research Article

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08/31/2010
Breast cancer; D‑loop; mtDNA; Polymorphism

A high incidence of somatic mtDNA polymorphisms has been reported in a wide variety of human cancers; some of them have been proposed as markers for the early detection of breast cancer. However, little attention has been paid to the potential of germline mitochondrial sequence variations as genetic risk factors for cancer. We performed a case-control study of 70 unrelated Tunisian women ... more

Y. Loueslati; W. Troudi; L. Cherni; K.B. Rhomdhane; L. Mota-Vieira
07/20/2010
Adiponectin; Adrenergic receptor; Cardiometabolic risk factor; Obesity; Polymorphism

We determined whether ADRβ3 polymorphism is associated with obesity-related traits in 140 obese patients. Molecular analysis was performed by PCR and RFLP. Individuals carrying the Arg64 allele had a lower waist-to-hip ratio, higher adiponectin and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and a tendency towards lower blood pressure. In contrast, Trp64/Trp64 carriers ... more

V.A. Genelhu; E.A. Francischetti; S.F.P. Duarte; B.M.J. Celoria; R.C. Oliveira; P.H. Cabello; M.M.G. Pimentel
07/13/2010
Coronary artery disease; Inflammation; Polymorphism; PPAR-δ

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPAR-δ) is a transcription factor implicated in metabolism and inflammation. The +294T/C polymorphism in the PPAR-δ gene is associated with risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in dyslipidemic women and hypercholesterolemic men. Whether this polymorphism influences the risk of CAD in the absence of dyslipidemia was not known, so we ... more

I. Jguirim-Souissi; A. Jelassi; Y. Hrira; M. Najah; A. Slimani; F. Addad; M. Hassine; K.B. Hamda; F. Maatouk; M. Rouis; M.N. Slimane
07/06/2010
Inner Mongolia; Metabolic lipid disorders; Polymorphism; PPARg2-Pro12Ala; Primary hypertension

In order to determine whether Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ2 (PPARγ2) gene contributes to susceptibility to primary hypertension and metabolic lipid disorders, 482 unrelated subjects from Inner Mongolia were studied, including 137 healthy normotensive (controls) and 345 hypertensive subjects. PCR-RFLP was used to determine the genotypes of ... more

L. Gao; L. Wang; H. Yun; L. Su; X. Su
07/27/2010
Biomphalaria; Genetic variability; Polymorphism; RAPD-PCR; Schistosoma mansoni

Despite the implementation control programs, schistosomiasis continues to spread throughout the world. Among modern control strategies, vector control is currently being emphasized. Within this context, analysis of the genetic variability of intermediate host snails (Biomphalaria spp) is important because it allows identification of specific sequences of the genome of this ... more

A.L.D. Oliveira; D. Da Silva; B.C. Manzano; A.Z. Abdel-Hamid; M.Y. Marcelino; E.M. Zanotti-Magalhães; E.M. Zanotti-Magalhães; L.A. Magalhães; J.T. Ribeiro-Paes
06/11/2010
Breast cancer; Drug therapy; Genetic; Glutathione transferase; Polymorphism

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family consists of phase II detoxification enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of toxic substances, such as chemotherapeutic agents, to glutathione. We examined whether GSTT1/GSTT1“null”, GSTM1/GSTM1“null” and GSTP1Ile105Ile/GSTP1Ile105Val polymorphisms are associated with different response rates to neoadjuvant ... more

A.L. Oliveira; F.F.O. Rodrigues; R.E. Santos; T. Aoki; M.N. Rocha; C.A. Longui; M.B. Melo
05/11/2010
Beefmaster; Charolais; IGF1; Polymorphism; SNP IGF1/SnaBI

The IGF1 gene (insulin-like growth factor 1) is a candidate gene for marker-assisted selection strategies. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region (IGF1/SnaBI) has been reported to be associated with production traits in several cattle breeds. Here, we report its allelic frequencies in Charolais and Beefmaster breeds; we confirm its association with three growth ... more

X.F.De la Rosa Reyna; H.M. Montoya; V.V. Castrellón; A.M.S. Rincón; M.P. Bracamonte; W.A. Vera
04/20/2010
ACE gene; Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; Polymorphism

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a vital enzyme in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and there are reports in the literature describing its role in the development of cardiovascular system diseases, with I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. We examined the relationship between a patient group with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and a control group in terms of I/D ... more

T. Yakut; M. Karkucak; A. Ursavas; T. Gulten; B. Burgazlioglu; O. Gorukmez; M. Karadag
04/13/2010
Bladder cancer; CCR2-V64I; Chemokines; MCP-1 A-2518G; Polymorphism

Chemokines are potent proinflammatory cytokines that are implicated in numerous inflammatory diseases. Proinflammatory gene polymorphisms lead to variations in the production and concentration of inflammatory proteins. We investigated a possible association between polymorphisms in chemokine and chemokine receptor genes (MCP-1 A-2518G and CCR2-V64I) and bladder cancer risk. Genotypes were ... more

K.F. Narter; B. Agachan; S. Sozen; Z.B. Cincin; T. Isbir
04/06/2010
DNA repair; Endometriosis; Polymorphism; XRCC3 Thr/Thr

Several polymorphisms in the DNA repair gene are thought to have significant effects on cancer risk. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XRCC3 Thr241Met, XPD Lys751Gln, XPG Asp1104His, APE1 Asp148Glu, and HOGG1 Ser326Cys with endometriosis risk. Genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP assays in 52 patients with endometriosis and 101 age- ... more

R. Attar; C. Cacina; S. Sozen; E. Attar; B. Agachan

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