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Lactation; Leptin; Pregnancy; Rat; Virgin

Leptin is expressed in various tissues, suggesting that this protein is effective not only at the central nervous system level, but also peripherically. Recent studies have shown leptin production by other tissues, including the placenta, stomach, and mammary tissues, but there is no information available concerning expression levels of leptin in the rat mammary gland at different activation ... more

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Apoptosis; Heat stress; Hsp90α; Myocardial cells; Rat

To understand the mechanism underlying the sudden animal death caused by acute heart failure during heat stress, the relationships among the heat-induced pathological changes and apoptosis and the variations in the levels of protective Hsp90α and its mRNA in the heat-stressed primary myocardial cells of neonatal rats in vitro were studied by cytopathological observation, ... more

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Duodenum; FoxO; IGF-1; Rat; Signaling pathway

The insulin growth factor 1/phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10/Akt/forkhead box (IGF-1/PTEN/Akt/FoxO) signaling pathway reportedly exhibits gastroprotective effects by reducing water immersion and restraint stress (WRS)-induced gastric mucosal cell apoptosis. We examined the expression and localization of IGF-1, PTEN, Akt, and FoxO proteins, caspase-3 activity, and ... more

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Hyperlipidemia is a well-established risk factor for the development of coronary atherosclerosis, while intermedin (IMD) has been identified as a novel calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide family member involved in cardiovascular protection. However, whether IMD protects against hyperlipidemia-associated myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury is unknown. We established a ... more

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DNA vaccination has been studied intensively as a potential vaccine technology. We evaluated the effect of an attenuated Salmonella choleraesuis-mediated inhibin DNA vaccine in rats. First, 15 rats were treated with different doses of an inhibin vaccine to evaluate vaccine safety. Next, 30 rats were divided into 3 groups and injected intramuscularly with the inhibin vaccine two ( ... more

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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of acrylonitrile (ACN) on neuronal morphology and apoptosis in rats. An ACN solution was administered to Wistar rats by gavage at doses of 0, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg, 5 days a week for 13 weeks. The morphology of neurons and the presence of apoptosis was examined by light and electron microscope, DNA electrophoresis, immunohistochemistry, and terminal ... more

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a newly discovered carboxypeptidase in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), antagonizes ACE activity and plays an active role during tissue injury. Yet the mechanism of its action is not well known. Using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced renal injury rat model, we investigated the relationship between renal injury and the antagonism between ACE and ... more

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