Research Article

Related GMR Articles

Acute pancreatitis; Inflammatory cytokines; Polymorphism

We conducted a case-control study to clarify the asso­ciations between inflammatory cytokine, including interleukin (IL)-1b, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10, polymorphisms and risk of acute pancreatitis. Genotyping analyses of IL-1β+3954 C/T (rs1143634), IL-1β-511 C/T (rs16944), IL-6 -174 G/C (rs1800795), IL-6 -634 C/G (rs1800796), IL-8 ... more

X.B. Bao; Z. Ma; J.B. Gu; X.Q. Wang; H.G. Li; W.Y. Wang
Brazil; Glutathione S-transferase; Polymorphism

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of enzymes has a vital role in phase II of biotransformation of environmental carcinogens, pollutants, drugs and other xenobiotics. GSTs are polymorphic, with the type and frequency of polymorphism being ethnic dependent. Polymorphisms in GST genes have been shown to be associated with susceptibility to disease and disease outcome. We ... more

A. Rossini; D.C.M. Rapozo; L.M.F. Amorim; J.M.B. Macedo; R. Medina; J.F.N. Neto; C.V.M. Gallo; L.F.R. Pinto
Dog breeds; Growth; Polymorphism; SNP; SOCS2

Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) is a negative regulator of growth hormone signaling. The deletion of SOCS2 in mice results in a 30-50% increase in post-natal growth. In an effort to identify polymorphisms in the SOCS2 gene that may be associated with body size in dogs, we characterized the canine SOCS2 gene and analyzed its genetic diversity among small and large dog breeds ... more

G. Rincón; A.E. Young; D.L. Bannasch; J.F. Medrano
Alu; CEPH panel; Human population genetics; Polymorphism; X chromosome

We describe a novel polymorphic Alu insertion (DXS225) on the human X chromosome (Xq21.3) embedded into an L1 retrotransposon. The DXS225 polymorphism was genotyped in 684 males from the CEPH Human Genome Diversity Panel. This insertion was found in all regions of the globe, suggesting that it took place before modern humans spread from Africa ca. 100,000 ... more

R.Wellerson Pereira; S.Silva dos Santos; S.Danilo Jun Pena
meningiomas; metastases; Methylation; Polymorphism; schwannomas; TP53

The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer; this gene is mutated in up to 50% of human tumors. It has a critical role in the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell senescence, and it participates in many crucial physiological and pathological processes. Polymorphisms of p53 have been suggested to be associated with genetically determined susceptibility in various ... more

L.O. Almeida; A.C. Custódio; G.R. Pinto; M.J. Santos; J.R.W. Almeida; C.A. Clara; J.A. Rey; C. Casartelli
Bombyx mori multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus; Molecular markers; Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA; Silkworm

The silkworm Bombyx mori L. is particularly susceptible to virus diseases, especially B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV). Disease resistance, along with high productivity, are important selection criteria for developing commercial hybrids of B. mori. We used bioassays and molecular markers linked to susceptibility/resistance to baculovirus infection to analyze the ... more

L.F.C. Ribeiro; D.B. Zanatta; J.P. Bravo; R.M.C. Brancalhão; M.A. Fernandez
Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA markers; Table grapes; Vitis vinifera

Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to detect polymorphism and to examine relationships among four table grape clones from northwestern Paraná, in southern Brazil. The 10 primers used for RAPD fingerprints generated 126 reproducible fragments, of which 63, 68, 76, and 72 were polymorphic in cultivars Italia, Rubi, Benitaka, and Brasil, respectively. Among the primers, OPP ... more

S.H.Z. Maia; C.A. Mangolin; S.A.O. Collet; M.F.P.S. Machado
Mitochondrial DNA; Polymorphism; Sea turtles; Single strand conformation polymorphism

Marine turtles are increasingly being threatened worldwide by anthropogenic activities. Better understanding of their life cycle, behavior and population structure is imperative for the design of adequate conservation strategies. The mtDNA control region is a fast-evolving matrilineal marker that has been employed in the study of marine turtle populations. We developed and tested a simple ... more

E.C. Reis; R.M. Albano; A.C.V. Bondioli; L.S. Soares; G. Lôbo-Hajdu; G. Lôbo-Hajdu
C1236T; MDR1; Polymorphism; Turkish population

Human P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is encoded by the MDR1 gene, which is located on chromosomal region 7q21 and consists of 28 exons. To date, over 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been reported for the MDR1 gene. The effect of these polymorphisms on P-gp function or their clinical impact is in most cases unknown, but some of the SNPs are known to be of functional ... more

G. Gümüş-Akay; A.R. üstemoğlu; A. Karadağ; A. Sunguroĝlu; A. Sunguroĝlu
Amplified fragment length polymorphism; Genetic diversity; Jackfruit; Markers; Polymorphism

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., commonly called jackfruit, is a medium-sized evergreen tree that bears high yields of the largest known edible fruit. Yet, it has been little explored commercially due to wide variation in fruit quality. The genetic diversity and genetic relatedness of 50 jackfruit accessions were studied using amplified fragment length polymorphism markers. Of 16 primer ... more

S. Shyamalamma; S.B.C. Chandra; M. Hegde; P. Naryanswamy