Research Article

Related GMR Articles

Angiotensin-converting enzyme; Association; Meta-analysis; Polymorphism; Systemic sclerosis

The purpose of this study was to examine whether the insertion (I) or deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) is associated with susceptibility to systemic sclerosis (SSc). A meta-analysis examining the associations between the ACE I/D polymorphism and SSc was conducted in overall and European populations using 1) allelic contrast (D ... more

G.G. Song; Y.H. Lee
Association; Fiber; Gossypium hirsutum; SSR

Cotton is the most important textile plant in the world and is one of the most important crops for the production of oilseed. Because of its worldwide economic importance, new cultivars are constantly being released in the world and consequently in the Greek market, as Greece is the largest producer in Europe. We used simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for the identification and the ... more

A. Kalivas; F. Xanthopoulos; O. Kehagia; A.S. Tsaftaris
Association; Cattle; PRDM16 gene; Sequence variants

As a zinc-finger protein, PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) controls brown fat determination by stimulating brown fat cell production while suppressing the expression of genes for production of white fat cells; mutations in this domain are associated with myelodysplastic syndrome and leukemogenesis. In our study, polymorphisms in exons 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9 of the PRDM16 gene ... more

J. Wang; C. Wang; R. Tian; Y.Z. Huang; X.S. Lai; X.Y. Lan; J.Q. Wang; H. Chen
Brazil; Glutathione S-transferase; Polymorphism

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of enzymes has a vital role in phase II of biotransformation of environmental carcinogens, pollutants, drugs and other xenobiotics. GSTs are polymorphic, with the type and frequency of polymorphism being ethnic dependent. Polymorphisms in GST genes have been shown to be associated with susceptibility to disease and disease outcome. We ... more

A. Rossini; D.C.M. Rapozo; L.M.F. Amorim; J.M.B. Macedo; R. Medina; J.F.N. Neto; C.V.M. Gallo; L.F.R. Pinto
Dog breeds; Growth; Polymorphism; SNP; SOCS2

Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) is a negative regulator of growth hormone signaling. The deletion of SOCS2 in mice results in a 30-50% increase in post-natal growth. In an effort to identify polymorphisms in the SOCS2 gene that may be associated with body size in dogs, we characterized the canine SOCS2 gene and analyzed its genetic diversity among small and large dog breeds ... more

G. Rincón; A.E. Young; D.L. Bannasch; J.F. Medrano
Alu; CEPH panel; Human population genetics; Polymorphism; X chromosome

We describe a novel polymorphic Alu insertion (DXS225) on the human X chromosome (Xq21.3) embedded into an L1 retrotransposon. The DXS225 polymorphism was genotyped in 684 males from the CEPH Human Genome Diversity Panel. This insertion was found in all regions of the globe, suggesting that it took place before modern humans spread from Africa ca. 100,000 ... more

R.Wellerson Pereira; S.Silva dos Santos; S.Danilo Jun Pena
meningiomas; metastases; Methylation; Polymorphism; schwannomas; TP53

The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer; this gene is mutated in up to 50% of human tumors. It has a critical role in the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell senescence, and it participates in many crucial physiological and pathological processes. Polymorphisms of p53 have been suggested to be associated with genetically determined susceptibility in various ... more

L.O. Almeida; A.C. Custódio; G.R. Pinto; M.J. Santos; J.R.W. Almeida; C.A. Clara; J.A. Rey; C. Casartelli
Bombyx mori multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus; Molecular markers; Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA; Silkworm

The silkworm Bombyx mori L. is particularly susceptible to virus diseases, especially B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV). Disease resistance, along with high productivity, are important selection criteria for developing commercial hybrids of B. mori. We used bioassays and molecular markers linked to susceptibility/resistance to baculovirus infection to analyze the ... more

L.F.C. Ribeiro; D.B. Zanatta; J.P. Bravo; R.M.C. Brancalhão; M.A. Fernandez
Polymorphism; Random amplified polymorphic DNA markers; Table grapes; Vitis vinifera

Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to detect polymorphism and to examine relationships among four table grape clones from northwestern Paraná, in southern Brazil. The 10 primers used for RAPD fingerprints generated 126 reproducible fragments, of which 63, 68, 76, and 72 were polymorphic in cultivars Italia, Rubi, Benitaka, and Brasil, respectively. Among the primers, OPP ... more

S.H.Z. Maia; C.A. Mangolin; S.A.O. Collet; M.F.P.S. Machado
Mitochondrial DNA; Polymorphism; Sea turtles; Single strand conformation polymorphism

Marine turtles are increasingly being threatened worldwide by anthropogenic activities. Better understanding of their life cycle, behavior and population structure is imperative for the design of adequate conservation strategies. The mtDNA control region is a fast-evolving matrilineal marker that has been employed in the study of marine turtle populations. We developed and tested a simple ... more

E.C. Reis; R.M. Albano; A.C.V. Bondioli; L.S. Soares; G. Lôbo-Hajdu; G. Lôbo-Hajdu