Research Article

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Anthocyanin; Antioxidant enzyme activity; Chlorophyll; Gene upregulation; Growth inhibition

In vitro grown cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) seedlings exposed to excess molybdenum (Mo) ions exhibited severely reduced plant growth at the cotyledonary stage. Adding 80 mM proline (Pro) to the Mo-treated medium could help 50% seedlings to overcome the toxicity and grow true leaves. Under excess Mo stress, seedlings accumulated blue/purple ... more

J. Kumchai; J.Z. Huang; C.Y. Lee; F.C. Chen; S.W. Chin
Anthocyanin; Cloning; Coloration; Gene expression; Peach flower

To elucidate the connection between flower coloration and the expression of genes associated with anthocyanin biosynthesis, a gene encoding UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT) was isolated, and the expression of the last four genes in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway during peach flower development was determined. The nucleotide sequence of the peach ... more

X.C. Wen; J. Han; X.P. Leng; R.J. Ma; W.B. Jiang; J.G. Fang
Anthocyanin; Berry; cDNA; Flavonoid; Gene expression

Anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), a 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenase, catalyzes the penultimate step in anthocyanin biosynthesis, from leucoanthocyanidins to anthocyanidins, the first colored compound in the anthocyanin pathway. In this study, a full-length, 1427-bp long cDNA named RnANS1, which is homologous to the anthocyanidin synthase gene, was cloned from ... more

X.G. Li; J. Wang; Z.Y. Yu
2017 Mar 15
Genes, Plant; Genetic variation; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Saccharum; Selection, Genetic; Sucrose

Sugarcane breeding programs have been adapting to a new market demand: aside from high sucrose yield per hectare, the sector needs new cultivars with higher fiber percentages. The selection of sugarcane clones based on phenotype alone is a complex task. The selected clones should display high performance in a series of yield- and quality-related traits. Selection indices can provide ... more

A.A.C. de Azeredo; L.L. Bhering; B.P. Brasileiro; C.D. Cruz; L.C.I. Silveira; R.A. Oliveira; J.C.Bespalho Filho; E. Daros
2017 May 25
Cellulose; Genotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Saccharum; Selection, Genetic; Sucrose

Sugarcane (Saccharum sp) is one of the most promising crops and researchers have sought for renewable alternative energy sources to reduce CO emission. The study of strategies, which allow breeders in the selection of superior genotypes for many traits simultaneously, is important. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: i) to apply path analysis to better understand the relationship ... more

L.A. Silva; P.E. Teodoro; L.A. Peixoto; C. Assis; K. Gasparini; M.H.P. Barbosa; L.L. Bhering
2017 Sep 27
Dietary Fiber; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Saccharum; Selective breeding; Sucrose

The forecast of a growing energy demand in the coming years has aroused particular interest in biomass for energy cogeneration, to diversify the energy matrix by using clean and renewable sources. To meet the new demands of the sugarcane industry, this study evaluated the agronomic performance and estimated genetic parameters for yield traits in sugar- and energy cane families derived from ... more

A.R.Fernande Júnior; A.A.C. de Azeredo; R.A. de Oliveira; J.C.Bespalho Filho; O.T. Ido; E. Daros; B.P. Brasileiro