Research Article

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Although plastid DNA has been widely explored as a marker of choice for phylogeny and phylogeography studies, little is known about its utility for examining relationships between closely related species. The slow evolutionary rates inherent to chloroplast (cp) DNA make it difficult to perform lower level taxonomic analyses, particularly at the population level. We characterized the ... more

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Tropical and subtropical plants are rich in endophytic community diversity. Endophytes, mainly fungi and bacteria, inhabit the healthy plant tissues without causing any damage to the hosts. These fungi can be useful for biological control of pathogens and plant growth promotion. Some plants of the genus Piper are hosts of endophytic microorganisms; however, there is little ... more

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Phylogenetic relationships in the Lathyrus genus were examined using cpDNA data, particularly data attributed to the “barcode” rbcL gene to construct a possible evolutionary scenario. Plant barcoding can be used to differentiate between species within a genus and to conserve DNA within the same species. We assessed the phylogeny of 29 species of Lathyrus using ... more

S. Marghali; N. Zitouna; M. Gharbi; I. Fadhlaoui; N. Trifi-Farah
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Nowadays, there are many phylogeny reconstruction methods, each with advantages and disadvantages. We explored the advantages of each method, putting together the common parts of trees constructed by several methods, by means of a consensus computation. A number of phylogenetic consensus methods are already known. Unfortunately, there is also a taboo concerning consensus methods, ... more

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We developed a new approach for the reconstruction of phylogenetic trees using ant colony optimization metaheuristics. A tree is constructed using a fully connected graph and the problem is approached similarly to the well-known traveling salesman problem. This methodology was used to develop an algorithm for constructing a phylogenetic tree using a pheromone matrix. Two data sets ... more

M. Perretto; H.Silvério Lopes
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Chagas disease is still a major public health problem in Latin America. Its causative agent, Trypanosoma cruzi, can be typed into three major groups, T. cruzi I, T. cruzi II and hybrids. These groups each have specific genetic characteristics and epidemiological distributions. Several highly virulent strains are found in the hybrid group; their origin is still a ... more

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Hucul horse; Mitochondrial DNA; Phylogeny; Primitive

The existence of the Hucul horse on Romanian territory has been documented from the very distant past; today Hucul is a unique breed that is part of the FAO Program for the Preservation of Animal Genetic Resources. We compared Hucul with several primitive European and Asiatic breeds in order to elucidate the origin of these horses. We analyzed a 683-bp mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop ... more

S.E. Georgescu; M.A. Manea; A. Dudu; M. Costache
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Microsatellites, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), and their flanking regions in chloroplast genomes (plastomes) of some species of the family Poaceae were analyzed in silico to look for DNA sequence variations. Comparison of the complete chloroplast DNA sequences (cpDNAs) of sugarcane (Saccharum hybrid cv. SP-80-3280 and S. officinarum cv. NCo310) and related ... more

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