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Related GMR Articles

Apoptosis; Bladder cancer; Gene expression; RT-PCR

We examined the expression of anti-apoptotic genes (XIAP and Bcl-2) and apoptotic genes (cytochrome c, caspase-9, Apaf-1) in tissue samples of patients with superficial bladder cancer. Thirty-two bladder cancer tissue samples (8 papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential, 10 low-grade, and 14 high-grade) and 8 normal bladder ... more

D.F. Barione; F.S.N. Lizarte; P.C. Novais; C.A.M. de Carvalho; F.C.B. Valeri; F.M. Peria; H.F. de Oliveira; D.L. Zanette; W.A. Silva; A.J. Cologna; R.B. Reis; S. Tucci; A.C.P. Martins; D.P.C. Tirapelli; L.F. Tirapelli
Anion exchanger; Boric acid; Gene expression; RT-PCR

Boron is an important micronutrient in plants and animals. The role of boron in living systems includes coordinated regulation of gene expression, growth and proliferation of higher plants and animals. There are several well-defined genes associated with boron transportation and tolerance in plants and these genes show close homology with human anion exchanger genes. Mutation of these ... more

F. Akbas; Z. Aydin
Ethanol; PVP; RNA isolation; RT-PCR; Sunflower seeds; β-mercaptoethanol

In an attempt to isolate high-quality, intact total RNA from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds for investigation of the molecular mechanisms of mutations, we tested various procedures, using kits, including RNAiso Plus, RNAiso Plus+RNAiso-mate for Plant Tissue, Trizol, and the Qi method, but no high-quality total RNA of high integrity was obtained with any of these methods, ... more

J. Yang; X.B. Ma
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA); Gene expression; RNA interference; Trypanosoma

Mechanisms controlling gene expression in trypanosomatids depend on several layers of regulation, with most regulatory pathways acting at a post-transcriptional level. Consequently, these parasites can follow the rapid changes associated with transitions between the insect vector and the mammalian host, with instant reprogramming of genetic expression. Using primarily Trypanosoma ... more

S.M.R. Teixeira; W.D. da Rocha
Co-regulation; Escherichia coli; Gene expression; Microarray analysis; Partial correlation; Transcriptional regulation

Transcriptional control is an essential regulatory mechanism employed by bacteria. Much about transcriptional regulation remains to be discovered, even for the most widely studied bacterium, Escherichia coli. In the present study, we made a genome-wide low-order partial correlation analysis of E. coli microarray data with the purpose of recovering regulatory ... more

D.F.T. Veiga; F.F.R. Vicente; M. Grivet; A. de la Fuente; A.T.R. Vasconcelos
Bayesian bootstrap; Bioinformatics; Gene expression; Microarray; Statistics; Web tool

One of the goals of gene expression experiments is the identification of differentially expressed genes among populations that could be used as markers. For this purpose, we implemented a model-free Bayesian approach in a user-friendly and freely available web-based tool called BayBoots. In spite of a common misunderstanding that Bayesian and model-free approaches are incompatible, ... more

R.Z.N. Vêncio; D.F.C. Patrão; C.S. Baptista; C.A.B. Pereira; B. Zingales
Feature selection; Gene expression; Genetic algorithms; Microarrays; Multi-class SVM

Microarrays are a new technology that allows biologists to better understand the interactions between diverse pathologic state at the gene level. However, the amount of data generated by these tools becomes problematic, even though data are supposed to be automatically analyzed (e.g., for diagnostic purposes). The issue becomes more complex when the expression data involve multiple ... more

B.Feres de Souza; A.Ponce de L. de Carvalho
alpha-major regulatory element; Gene expression; globin genes; Hemoglobin; HS-40; thalassemia

Hemoglobin and globin genes are important models for studying protein and gene structure, function and regulation. We reviewed the main aspects of regulation of human α-globin synthesis, encoded by two adjacent genes (α2 and α1) clustered on chromosome 16. Their expression is controlled mainly by a regulatory element located 40 kb upstream on the same chromosome, the α- ... more

D.M. Ribeiro; M.F. Sonati
Anatomy; DREB1A; Gene expression; Glycine max; Physiology; Water deficit

We evaluated the molecular, anatomical and physiological properties of a soybean line transformed to improve drought tolerance with an rd29A:AtDREB1A construct. This construct expressed dehydration- responsive element binding protein DREB1A from the stress-inducible rd29A promoter. The greenhouse growth test included four randomized blocks of soybean plants, with each ... more

A.M. Polizel; M.E. Medri; K. Nakashima; N. Yamanaka; J.R.B. Farias; M.C.N. de Oliveira; S.R.R. Marin; R.V. Abdelnoor; F.C. Marcelino-Guimarães; R. Fuganti; F.A. Rodrigues; R. Stolf-Moreira; M.A. Beneventi; A.A.P. Rolla; N. Neumaier; K. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki; J.F.C. Carvalho; A.L. Nepomuceno
b-actin; DEP chip; Electrochemical biosensor; Gene expression; Hoechst 33258; RAGE

An electrochemical biosensor, using a disposable electrochemical printed chip aggregation by the bisbenzimide dye (Hoechst 33258), was used for detecting the expression of β-actin and RAGE genes. Using linear sweep voltammetry, the expression of these two genes in HeLa and HepG2 cell lines was determined based on anodic peak current, and the results were compared with conventional agarose ... more

P. Kittimongkolsuk; T. Tencomnao; R. Santiyanont