Research Article

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2017 Aug 17
Hyptis; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic

Hyptis pectinata, popularly known as 'sambacaitá' or 'canudinho', is a medicinal and aromatic species widely used in the Brazilian Northeast. In Sergipe, the excessive extraction of natural resources may reduce the genetic variability of native plants. Thus, molecular markers have frequently been applied to the characterization of genetic diversity as the basis for germplasm conservation and ... more

R.B. Feitosa-Alcantara; A.V.C. Silva; A.F. Blank; C.S. Almeida; S.V. Alvares-Carvalho; M.F. Arrigoni-Blank
2017 Aug 17
Alleles; Genes, Plant; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding; Polymerase chain reaction; Reference Standards; Triticum

One of the limiting factors in using dominant markers is the unique amplification of the target fragment. Therefore, failures in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or non-amplifications can be interpreted as an absence of the allele. The possibility of false negatives implies in reduced efficiency in the selection process in genetic breeding programs besides the loss of valuable genetic material ... more

H.N. Heim; E.S.N. Vieira; L.R.T. Polo; N.K. Lima; G.J. Silva; G.A. Linde; N.B. Colauto; I. Schuster
08/17/2017
Capsicum; Colletotrichum; Genotype; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding

Anthracnose is among the major diseases of the Capsicum culture. It is caused by different species of the genus Colletotrichum, which may result in major damages to the cultivation of this genus. Studies aiming to search for cultivars resistant to diseases are essential to reduce financial and agricultural losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the ... more

A.C. Maracahipes; J.W.S. Correa; P.E. Teodoro; K.L. Araújo; M.A.A. Barelli; L.G. Neves
08/17/2017
Capsicum; Colletotrichum; Genotype; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding

Anthracnose is among the major diseases of the Capsicum culture. It is caused by different species of the genus Colletotrichum, which may result in major damages to the cultivation of this genus. Studies aiming to search for cultivars resistant to diseases are essential to reduce financial and agricultural losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the ... more

A.C. Maracahipes; J.W.S. Correa; P.E. Teodoro; K.L. Araújo; M.A.A. Barelli; L.G. Neves
2017 Aug 17
Capsicum; Colletotrichum; Genotype; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding

Anthracnose is among the major diseases of the Capsicum culture. It is caused by different species of the genus Colletotrichum, which may result in major damages to the cultivation of this genus. Studies aiming to search for cultivars resistant to diseases are essential to reduce financial and agricultural losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the ... more

A.C. Maracahipes; J.W.S. Correa; P.E. Teodoro; K.L. Araújo; M.A.A. Barelli; L.G. Neves
2017 Aug 17
Edible Grain; Genotype; Inbreeding; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding; Vigna

The aim of this study was to estimate the genotypic gain with simultaneous selection of production, nutrition, and culinary traits in cowpea crosses and backcrosses and to compare different selection indexes. Eleven cowpea populations were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Fourteen traits were evaluated, and the following parameters were estimated: ... more

D.G. Oliveira; M.M. Rocha; K.J. Damasceno-Silva; F.V. Sá; L.R.L. Lima; M.D.V. Resende
2017 Aug 31
Capsicum; Genotype; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Plant Viruses; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Seed Bank

Germplasm banks are essential as sources of genetic variability for plant breeding programs. To characterize a Brazilian Capsicum frutescens collection, 21 malagueta and 5 Tabasco hot pepper accessions were evaluated under field and greenhouse conditions regarding morphological and molecular traits, as well as resistance to viruses. Morphological characterization was performed using 53 IPGRI ( ... more

M.F. Lima; S.I.C. Carvalho; C.F. Ragassi; L.B. Bianchetti; F.G. Faleiro; F.J.B. Reifschneider
2017 Aug 31
Alleles; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Zea mays

Genetic improvement is essential to achieve increments in maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield components. It may be obtained through crosses, which enable to exploit the effects of intervarietal heterosis, allelic complementarity, as well as gene actions and effects. This study estimated the components of variance and genetic parameters (REML/BLUP) of an intervarietal diallel to select and predict ... more

I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; V.J. Szareski; M. Ferrari; T.C. da Rosa; T.S. Martins; N.L.Dos Santos; M. Nardino; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
2017 Sep 27
Cytogenetics; Magnoliopsida; Meiosis; Plant breeding; Pollen; Recombination, Genetic

The analysis of meiotic behavior has been widely used in the study of plants as they provide relevant information about the viability of a species. Meiosis boasts a host of highly conserved events and changes in genes that control these events will give rise to irregularities that can alter the normal course of meiosis and may lead to complete sterility of the plant. The recombination of genes ... more

M.P. Lavinscky; M.M. Souza; G.S. Silva; C.A.F. Melo
2017 Sep 21
Flowers; Genes, Dominant; Genetic variation; Phaseolus; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds

This article aimed to study the genetic control of some flowers and pod set of common bean and to verify if its estimate varies with environmental conditions and gene pool. A complete diallel was used among six lines, but no reciprocal ones. The treatments were evaluated in three harvests/generations - F, F, and F - in 2015/2016, in a randomized complete block design with four replications. ... more

E.S. Martins; R.A.Pinto Júnior; A.F.B. Abreu; M.A.P. Ramalho

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