Research Article

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10/17/2016
Chloroplast genome; Complete sequences; Morus atropurpurea; Morus multicaulis; Phylogeny

The complete chloroplast genome (cpDNA) sequences of two cultivated species of Morus L. (Morus atropurpurea and Morus multicaulis) are reported and reconstructed in this study, and were compared with that of wild Morus mongolica. In M. atropurpurea, the circular genome is 159,113 bp in size and comprises two identical ... more

Q.L. Li; J.Z. Guo; N. Yan; C.C. Li
10/24/2016
cpDNA rpL16 intron; cpDNA rps16 exon; nrDNA ITS; Phylogeny; Pimpinella; Umbelliferae

Pimpinella L. is a large genus and arguably one of the most complex genera in the family Apiaceae. In this study, the infra-generic relationship between Southwest Asian Pimpinella species and their generic allies in the tribe Pimpinelleae Spreng were investigated using sequence data from the cpDNA (chloroplast DNA) rps16 exon and ... more

S. Fereidounfar; F. Ghahremaninejad; M. Khajehpiri
12/02/2016
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
12/02/2016
14-3-3 Proteins; Chromosome Mapping; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Genes, Plant; Multigene Family; Organ Specificity; Panicum; Phylogeny; Stress, Physiological

Members of the 14-3-3 family of proteins are conserved regulatory proteins that are widely found in eukaryotes and play crucial roles in diverse physiological processes, including responses to different stresses. Although genome-wide analysis of 14-3-3 proteins has been performed in a few plant species, it has not been performed in switchgrass. In this study, we identified 21 switchgrass 14-3- ... more

S. Wu; H.D. Yan; A.L. Zhang; L.K. Huang; G.H. Yin; S. Lee
12/02/2016
Alcohol Oxidoreductases; China; Cloning, Molecular; Eucalyptus; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Lignin; Phylogeny; Plant Proteins; Plants, Genetically Modified; Tobacco

Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) catalyzes the final step in lignin biosynthesis. The genus Eucalyptus belongs to the family Myrtaceae, which is the main cultivated species in China. Eucalyptus urophylla GLU4 (GLU4) is widely grown in Guangxi. It is preferred for pulping because of its excellent cellulose content and fiber length. Based on GLU4 and CAD gene expression, a Eucalyptus variety ... more

B.W. Chen; Y.F. Xiao; J.J. Li; H.L. Liu; Z.H. Qin; Y. Gai; X.N. Jiang
12/02/2016
cluster analysis; Genes, Plant; Manihot; Phylogeny; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Sequence alignment; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Starch

The distribution and frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can help to understand changes associated with characteristics of interest. We aimed to evaluate nucleotide diversity in six genes involved in starch biosynthesis in cassava using a panel of 96 unrelated accessions. The genes were sequenced, aligned, and used to obtain values for nucleotide diversity (π), segregating ... more

L.M. Vasconcelos; A.C. Brito; C.D. Carmo; E.J. Oliveira
12/02/2016
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Biological evolution; Butterflies; Evolution, Molecular; Gene order; Genome, Insect; Genome, Mitochondrial; Likelihood Functions; Phylogeny

Pieridae is a butterfly family whose evolutionary history is poorly understood. Due to the difficulties in identifying morphological synapomorphies within the group and the scarcity of the fossil records, only a few studies on higher phylogeny of Pieridae have been reported to date. In this study, we describe the complete mitochondrial genomes of four pierid butterfly species (Aporia martineti ... more

Y. Cao; J.S. Hao; X.Y. Sun; B. Zheng; Q. Yang
12/02/2016
cluster analysis; Conservation of Natural Resources; DNA, Plant; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Microsatellite Repeats; Myrtaceae; Phylogeny; Plant breeding

Myrcia lundiana Kiaersk. is a tree of the family Myrtaceae found in tropical and subtropical areas of the southern hemisphere that produces essential oil. The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic diversity of M. lundiana plants from a native population of Parque Nacional de Itabaiana, using inter-simple sequence repeat molecular markers. Thirty-five primers were tested, 20 of ... more

M.F. Alves; D.A.C. Nizio; F.A. Brito; T.S. Sampaio; A.V.C. Silva; M.F. Arrigoni-Blank; S.V.A. Carvalho; A.F. Blank
12/02/2016
DNA, Plant; Evolution, Molecular; Expressed sequence tags; Genetic variation; Genome, Plant; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Saccharum

We analyzed 80 plants of the sugarcane (Saccharum spp) variety 'RB867515' in order to investigate its diversity and genetic structure at the molecular level. Four simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci (UGSM51, SMC1237, SEGMS1069, and UGSM38) and five expressed sequence tag (EST)-SSR loci (ESTA68, ESTB92, ESTB145, ESTC66, and ESTC84) were used as molecular markers. The polymorphic loci rate was 66. ... more

G.B. Maranho; R.C. Maranho; R. Desordi; A.F. das Neves; C.A. Mangolin; M.F.P.S. Machado
2/8/2017
Animals; Genome, Mitochondrial; Hedgehogs; Open Reading Frames; Phylogeny; RNA, Ribosomal; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; RNA, Transfer

We sequenced and characterized the complete mitogenome (KX964606) of the Amur hedgehog Erinaceus amurensis to provide more data for comparative mitogenomics of the genus Erinaceus (Erinaceidae). The mitogenome of E. amurensis is a circular molecule 16,941 bp long, consisting of a control region and a conserved set of 37 genes containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, and two rRNA ... more

N.H. Kim; S.J. Lim; H.M. Chae; Y.C. Park

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