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We investigated the role of bacterial biofilms in stimulating T helper 17 (Th17) cells in infected organisms. The formation of bacterial biofilms isolated from clinical lavage fluid samples was measured. Th17 cells and interleukin 17 (IL-17) levels in the peripheral blood of healthy individuals, people infected by biofilm bacteria, people infected by non-biofilm bacteria, and in the lavage ... more

G.Q. Wang; L. Wang; H.L. Zhang; Y.Q. Dong; Y.X. Yang
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To date, research on laccases has mostly been focused on plant and fungal laccases and their current use in biotechnological applications. In contrast, little is known about laccases from plant pathogens, although recent rapid progress in whole genome sequencing of an increasing number of organisms has facilitated their identification and ascertainment of their origins. In this study, a ... more

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Bacteria; Bacterial Proteins; Computational biology; Databases, Protein; Gene Ontology; Humans; Protein Interaction Mapping

Since the first assembled genomes, gene sequences alone have not been sufficient to understand complex metabolic processes involving several genes, each playing distinct roles. To identify their roles, a network of interactions, wherein each gene is a node, should be created. Edges connecting nodes are evidence of interaction, for instance, of gene products coexisting in the same cellular ... more

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In the present study, we demonstrated the in vitro activity of endophytic phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB). Fifty-five endophytic PSB that were isolated from sap, leaves, and roots of maize were tested for their ability to solubilize tricalcium phosphate and produce organic acid. Partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA-encoding gene showed that the isolates were from the genus Bacillus and ... more

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The Amazon region has the largest hydrographic basin on the planet and 
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Marine bacteria have been exceptional sources of halotolerant enzymes since decades. The aim of the present study was to isolate bacteria producing hydrolytic enzymes from seven different mangroves collected from the coastal area of Thuwal, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and to further screen them for other enzymatic and antifungal activities. We have isolated 46 different rhizo- and endophytic ... more

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Brazil is the third world largest maize producing country, and Paraná state is the second largest producer state of this essential crop in this country. The bacterial microbiota of cereal grains depends on the environment where they were grown, handled, and processed – and it can influence plant growth and food safety. The industrial enzymes market is rapidly ... more

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