Research Article

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Plants have been used throughout human history for food and medicine. However, many plants are toxic, and cannot easily be morphologically distinguished from non-toxic plants. DNA identification solves this problem and is widely used. Nonetheless, plant DNA barcode identification faces a number of challenges, and many studies have been conducted to find suitable barcodes. The present ... more

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Methods to identify Pinelliae Tuber and Arisaematis Rhizoma are required because of frequent reciprocal substitution between these two herbal medicines and the existence of several closely related plant materials. As a result of the morphological similarity of dried tubers, correct discrimination of authentic herbal medicines is difficult by conventional methods. Therefore, we analyzed ... more

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DNA barcoding is an effective method for identifying species by analyzing one or a few short standardized DNA sequences. In this study, we examined the utility of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences as a DNA barcode for the identification of six species belonging to the genus Thryssa: T. dussumieri, T. hamiltonii, T. ... more

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The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene is one of the most popular markers used for molecular systematics. Fragments of this gene are often used to infer phylogenies, particularly the region near the 5'-end, which is used by the DNA Barcoding Consortium. With a growing number of sequences being deposited in the DNA barcoding database, there is an urgent need to ... more

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We previously described a novel densovirus [Myzus persicae nicotianae densovirus (MpnDV)] infecting M. persicae nicotianae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) with 34% prevalence. This single-stranded DNA virus has a 5480-nucleotide ambisense genome and belongs to the Densovirinae subfamily within the family Parvoviridae. In the present study ... more

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Fenneropenaeus penicillatus is a widely distributed economically and ecologically important shrimp species, which is endangered in China. Sequence analysis of 16s rRNA and control region (CR) fragments from mitochondrial DNA was conducted to obtain information on genetic diversity and population structure. Individuals from 12 wild F. penicillatus populations located ... more

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