Research Article

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Constitutive promoters have been widely used in crop biotechnology applications. Tissue-specific or inducible promoters, however, have advantages in some cases. We isolated the 731-bp 5' flanking sequence of a potato (Solanum tuberosum) gene, encoding ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (rubisco) activase (RCA), which was isolated by genome walking. By using ... more

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Disease-resistant potato cultivars with good tuber appearance and desirable agronomic traits are essential for meeting the demands of producers and the market. Attaining these cultivars is the focus of potato breeding programs whose aim is to benefit the productive chain. The purpose of this study was to estimate combining abilities and evaluate potato clones based on tuber appearance, ... more

M.L. Guedes; C.A.B.P. Pinto; G.H.M.R. Ribeiro; D.H. Lyra; O.L.G. Carneiro; M.L. Guedes; C.A.B.P. Pinto; G.H.M.R. Ribeiro; D.H. Lyra; O.L.G. Carneiro
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Codon usage bias; Gene duplication; Lotus japonicus; Nucleotide-binding site disease resistance genes; Selection pressure

Nucleotide-binding site (NBS) disease resistance genes play a crucial role in plant defense responses against pathogens and insect pests. Many NBS-encoding genes have been detected in Lotus japonicus, an important forage crop in many parts of the world. However, most NBS genes identified so far in L. japonicus were only partial sequences. We identified 45 full-length NBS- ... more

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Co-evolution; Functional divergence; Gene duplication; High-affinity K+ transporters; Selection pressure

The high-affinity K+ transporter (HKT) family comprises a group of multifunctional cation transporters widely distributed in organisms ranging from Bacteria to Eukarya. In angiosperms, the HKT family consists primarily of nine types, whose evolutionary relationships are not fully understood. The available sequences from 31 plant species were used to perform a comprehensive ... more

P. Yang; C. Hua; F. Zhou; B.J. Zhang; X.N. Cai; Q.Z. Chen; R.L. Wang; P. Yang; C. Hua; F. Zhou; B.J. Zhang; X.N. Cai; Q.Z. Chen; R.L. Wang
08/14/2015
broiler; Genetic correlation; Gibbs sampling; Heritability; Liver fat trait; Restricted maximum likelihood

Intensive selection of broilers for improved growth rate is known to exert a negative effect on broiler health, such as an increase in body fat (and its related diseases). Excessive fat deposition in the liver can cause fatty liver hemorrhagic syndrome (FLHS); in addition, traits associated with liver fat have also been associated with FLHS. This study explored the genetic relationships ... more

M.J. Liang; Z.P. Wang; L. Xu; L. Leng; S.Z. Wang; P. Luan; Z.P. Cao; Y.M. Li; H. Li
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Dairy cattle; Genetic correlation; Heritability; Random regression; Somatic cell count

Selection for lower somatic cell count has been included in the breeding objectives of several countries in order to increase resistance to mastitis. Genetic parameters of somatic cell scores (SCS) were estimated from the first lactation test day records of Brazilian Holstein cows using random-regression models with Legendre polynomials (LP) of the order 3-5. Data consisted of 87,711 TD ... more

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Selection among broilers for performance traits is resulting in locomotion problems and bone disorders, once skeletal structure is not strong enough to support body weight in broilers with high growth rates. In this study, genetic parameters were estimated for body weight at 42 days of age (BW42), and tibia traits (length, width, and weight) in a population of broiler chickens. ... more

B.N.N. Ragognetti; N.B. Stafuzza; T.C.S. Chud; N.V. Grupioni; V.A.R. Cruz; J.O. Peixoto; K. Nones; M.C. Ledur; D.P. Munari; T.B.R. Silva
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Brassica napus; Correlation coefficients; Gene action; Heritability; Quality traits

A study on three leading lines (KN-256, KN-257, and KN-258) of Brassica napus and an approved variety, Punjab-Sarson, was conducted to gain insight into the genetic control of some quality traits using generation mean analysis. Our results showed that additive gene action predominated in the inheritance of oil content and erucic acid in cross KN-256 x KN-257 and in that of ... more

S. Ahmad; H.A. Sadaqat; M.H.N. Tahir; F.S. Awan
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Heritability; Longevity; Selection of females; Threshold model

We evaluated the genetic association of growth traits [weight adjusted to 205 days of age (W205), 365 days of age (W365), and 550 days of age (W550); weight gain between 205 days of age and 365 days of age (WG1) and between 365 days of age and 550 days of age (WG2)] and reproductive traits [age at first calving (AFC); first calving interval (FCI)] with stayability in the herd (STAY), ... more

E.C.A. Rizzo; F.R.A. Neto; I.D.P.S. Diaz; M.M. Dias; R.B. Costa; H.T. Ventura; H.N. Oliveira; A.J.S. Falcão
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General and specific combining ability; Genotypic correlations; Heritability; Principal component analysis; Zea mays L.

Fifty-four genotypes of maize were crossed and evaluated in the field during the crop season in February 2012 under both normal and water stress conditions. To identify the major parameters responsible for variation among genotypes, single linkage cluster analysis and principle component analysis (PCA) were carried out. Thirteen characters were studied. The PCA showed that the first six ... more

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