Research Article

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Opportunistic infections (OIs) are common among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients; however, genetic susceptibility to these infections has not been studied. Recent studies have shown that interleukin-8 (IL-8) A/T genotype carriers are more susceptible to a variety of diseases. In this study, we showed the effects of IL-8 gene polymorphisms on OIs and symptoms ... more

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WNK1 (With No-lysine Kinase 1), a serine-threonine kinase, regulates blood pressure by acting on various sodium transport-related ion channels. Several studies report a link between common variants of the WNK1 gene and hypertension. No data exists on Russian populations. Our aim was to evaluate the association between the WNK1 AluYb8 polymorphism and hypertension ... more

E. Akhmedova; S.Y. Nikulina; A.B. Salmina; A. Chernova; M. Bazanova; A. Ohapkina; A. Semenchukov; P.E. Maltese; E. Manara; M. Bertelli
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Over the past decade, an increasing number of studies have demonstrated correlations between host genetics and susceptibility to diseases. However, few studies have investigated the effects of host genetics on the occurrence of opportunistic infections among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. In the present study, the frequency of ... more

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Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemokine produced by macrophages and other cell types, including epithelial cells, and its receptor is CXCR2. IL-8 plays an important role in the initiation and amplification of inflammatory diseases, including opportunistic infections. With the advent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, opportunistic infections have ... more

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HIV and human papillomavirus (HPV) coinfection is increasing, especially in the anal canal (AC) and cervico-vaginal regions. We identified anal epithelium abnormalities related to high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) lesions in the lower genital tracts (LGTs) of HIV-positive women, described the HPV genotypes identified, and assessed the expression of E6/E7 oncogenes in coinfected patients. Ninety- ... more

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HIV genotyping has led to conflicting results between laboratories. Therefore, identifying the most accurate gene combinations to sequence remains a priority. Datasets of Chinese HIV subtypes based on several markers and deposited in PubMed, Metstr, CNKI, and VIP databases between 2000 and 2015 were studied. In total, 9177 cases of amplification-positive samples ... more

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Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a myocardial disease with a high mortality rate. Approximately 40 genes have been found to be associated with DCM to date. Non-familial DCM can also be caused by gene mutations, suggesting that genetic factors were involved in the pathogenesis of DCM; therefore genetic testing is beneficial for the early diagnosis of DCM, which can facilitate the ... more

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Association of variants in the myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) gene and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) has drawn much attention but remains controversial. We hypothesized that the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of this gene could harbor functionally relevant nucleotide changes. Here, we assessed the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ... more

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