Research Article

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The Red Sindhi cattle breed was imported to Brazil in small numbers. Nowadays, the herds of this breed are distributed in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest regions of the country. In this study, DNA samples of animals originating from 15 herds in the Northeast and Southeast regions have been analyzed to obtain the ancestry proportions, and to gain a better understanding of the current ... more

J.C.C. Panetto; M.V.G.B. Silva; R.M.H. Leite; M.A. Machado; F.A.T. Bruneli; D.R.L. Reis; M.G.C.D. Peixoto; R.S. Verneque
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Juvenile in vitro embryo transfer is an important animal reproductive technology that can shorten the generation interval of livestock, explore the reproductive potential of dams with excellent genetic traits, accelerate genetic progress and production efficiency of the herd, and provide a wealth of genetic resources for livestock breeding. However, oocytes from kids do not develop as well as ... more

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Animals; Bayes Theorem; Breeding; Genetic markers; Genomics; Genotype; Models, Genetic; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Predictive Value of Tests; Quantitative trait loci; Regression Analysis; Selection, Genetic

Genomic selection (GS) is a variant of marker-assisted selection, in which genetic markers covering the whole genome predict individual genetic merits for breeding. GS increases the accuracy of breeding values (BV) prediction. Although a variety of statistical models have been proposed to estimate BV in GS, few methodologies have examined statistical challenges based on non-normal phenotypic ... more

M. Nascimento; F.F.E. Silva; M.D.V. de Resende; C.D. Cruz; A.C.C. Nascimento; J.M.S. Viana; C.F. Azevedo; L.M.A. Barroso
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In arid and semi-arid zones, animal health and production are closely correlated with body conformation traits. These selected traits, in turn, allow livestock to adapt unfavorable soil and environmental conditions. The primary objective of this study was to perform a genome-wide association analysis for a set of sampled and imputed SNPs with 16 conformation traits in a population of Holstein ... more

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Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Zea mays

The REML/BLUP statistics are analyses that can be used as selective criteria in the routine of maize breeding programs. The present study aims to determine the genetic potential in crosses of landrace populations applying the REML/BLUP methodology, and to identify populations for the synthesis of new populations and intrapopulation selection for family farming systems, as well as genetic ... more

D. Baretta; M. Nardino; I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; M. Ferrari; V.J. Szareski; W.S. Barros; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
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Breeding; high temperature; Thermal stress; tolerance; Triticum aestivum

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of high temperatures on ear fertility, yield components and protein content of wheat cultivars. Therefore, 96 genotypes were subjected to two environments in a greenhouse: control and heat stress. Each environment had two replicates, totalling 192 plots. The evaluations were: number of ear per plant, number of ear per pot, ear weight, number of ... more

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Amino acids; Biofortification; Breeding; nutritional profile of grains; Zea mays

The growing demand for maize creates a challenge for breeders; they need to constantly develop higher yielding and higher quality genotypes. We estimated the most relevant genetic parameters, along with heterosis and variance components. A multivariate approach was used in order to define profiles of narrow sense heritability for yield and nutritional components in ... more

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Breeding; Computational Intelligence; multivariate approach

Selection of appropriate genitors in breeding programs increases gains due to the variability found in the divergent groups; this allows quantification of the existing variability, saving time and resources. There are many methods for quantification and evaluation of diversity in population studies, among which we highlight methods that are based on multivariate ... more

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