Research Article

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Edible Grain; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding; Zea mays

Selection indices commonly utilize economic weights, which become arbitrary genetic gains. In popcorn, this is even more evident due to the negative correlation between the main characteristics of economic importance - grain yield and popping expansion. As an option in the use of classical biometrics as a selection index, the optimal procedure restricted maximum likelihood/best linear unbiased ... more

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Disease resistance; Genotype; Helminthosporium; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant Diseases; Selective breeding; Zea mays

The present study was conducted to investigate the genetic control and to estimate the general and specific combining abilities of popcorn for agronomic attributes and attributes related to resistance to northern leaf blight (NLB). The 56 hybrids (F and reciprocals), together with the eight parent lines and six controls, were evaluated in two harvests, in a randomized-block design with four ... more

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In view of the narrow genetic base of popcorn, probably due to its evolution by selection from flint maize types alone, knowledge about genetic divergence is imperative for the formation of heterotic groups. Thus, our objective was to identify heterotic groups of popcorn lines; we did so by exploiting the representative genotype collection of the Active Popcorn ... more

C. Vittorazzi; A.T.Amaral Júnior; A.G. Guimarães; F.H.L. Silva; G.F. Pena; R.F. Daher; I.F.S. Gerhardt; G.H.F. Oliveira; P.H.A.D. Santos; Y.P. Souza; S.H. Kamphorst; V.J. Lima
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In order to facilitate corn production, herbicides such as nicosulfuron and topramezone are commonly used. Though they offer great advantages, they can affect crop productivity and induce DNA damage. The genotoxic activity of nicosulfuron was evaluated at two concentrations (40,000 and 80,000 ppm) and topramezone at four concentrations (1480, 148, 14.8 and 1.48 ppm ... more

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biometric models; trait associations; Zea mays

Corn is considered one of the most important crops in the world agricultural scenario. In order to improve production, it is crucial to understand and quantify the genetic variation involved in the phenotypic manifestation of this species. We evaluated the agronomic performance of open pollinated genotypes, used by small scale family farmers, compared to commercial ... more

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We evaluated how genetic x environment (G x E) interactions affect grain productivity in corn hybrids grown in traditional and non-traditional environments in the off or “second” season. Adaptability and stability of the hybrids was examined by parametric, nonparametric and multivariate methods. In 2016, 24 hybrids were evaluated in seven environments, in 2017, 13 ... more

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Direct and indirect selection; Foliar diseases; Full-sib plants; Genetic parameters; Zea mays

Phenotypic and genotypic correlations of agronomic traits with resistance to phytopathogens can help identify indirect selection criteria for corn yield. The Brazilian corn cultivar NAP5 is resistant to leaf spot and blight disease, while NAP7 is resistant to rust disease. Trials were conducted in two states from February to July 2015. The following traits were ... more

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