Research Article

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Biofortification; Diallel; Phaseolus vulgaris; Plant breeding

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P.R.C. Di Prado; L.C. Faria; T.L.P.O. Souza; L.C. Melo; P.G.S. Melo; H.S. Pereira
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Diallel; Edaphoclimatic adaptation; Gene effects; Inheritance; Zea mays

In Brazil, using combining ability of popcorn genotypes to achieve superior hybrids has been unsuccessful because the local genotypes are all members of the same heterotic group. To overcome this constraint, 10 lines (P1 to P10) with different adaptations to tropical or temperate edaphoclimatic environments were used to obtain 45 F1 hybrids in a complete ... more

V.Q.R. da Silva; A.Tdo Amaral Júnior; L.S.A. Gonçalves; S.P.Freitas Júnior; L.S. Candido; C. Vittorazzi; L.M. Moterle; R.A. Vieira; C.A. Scapim
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Additive effect; Biomass; Diallel; Hybrids; Quality traits

Elephant grass is a tropical forage plant widely distributed throughout Brazil. It was first exclusively used in the livestock sector as cattle feed. The grass is characterized by its high productivity and photosynthetic capacity and is considered as an alternative source of renewable energy. Here, we estimated the general combining ability of the parents and specific combining ability of ... more

R.F. Daher; L.B. Souza; G.A. Gravina; J.C. Machado; H.C.C. Ramos; V.Q.R. Silva; B.R.S. Menezes; L.S.A. Schneider; M.L.F. Oliveira; R.D. Gottardo
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Diallel; Plant resistance; Spodoptera frugiperda; Zea mays

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is the pest that causes the greatest economic losses for both common corn and popcorn crops, and the use of resistant plant genotypes is an important tool for integrated pest management. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the damage caused by S. frugiperda on single-cross popcorn hybrids under field conditions ... more

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Triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) is an intergeneric hybrid derived from a cross between wheat and rye. As a newly created allopolyploid, the plant shows instabilities during the meiotic process, which may result in the loss of fertility. This genomic instability has hindered the success of triticale-breeding programs. Therefore, strategies should be developed to obtain stable ... more

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Agronomic trait; Hybrid; Mungbean; Physiological trait; Plant breeding

Heterotic effects of mungbean hybrids from 25 crosses between parents differing in 9 agronomic and physiological traits were evaluated for various selected traits and seed yield. Significant heteroses were observed in most selected traits, except for the number of seeds per plant. When the heterosis of seed yield was evaluated in these hybrids, significant heterosis was found in 9 crosses, ... more

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Bayesian models; Epistasis; Heterosis; Plant breeding

The prediction of single-cross hybrids in maize is a promising technique for optimizing the use of financial resources in a breeding program. This study aimed to evaluate Genomic Best Linear Unbiased Predictors models for hybrid prediction and compare them with the Bayesian Ridge Regression, Bayes A, Bayesian LASSO, Bayes C, Bayes B, and Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces Regression ... more

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interspecific hybrid; Modified location model; Multivariate analysis; Plant breeding

The Ward-MLM procedure was used to evaluate genetic variation in four backcross progenies and in their parents, hybrid F1 HD13 and donor parent Passiflora sublanceolata. Sixteen quantitative descriptors and five qualitative characteristics of relevance to ornamental flower production were assessed. Using the pseudo-F and pseudo-T² criteria, we identified four groups among these plants ... more

C.A.F. Melo; M.M. Souza; A.G.R. Sousa; A.P. Viana; E.A. Santos
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Sorghum grain yield can be significantly affected by climatic changes, especially drought and high temperature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate hybrids of grain sorghum grown under normal irrigation conditions or water stress in order to select those likely to be more tolerant of drought. Forty-nine hybrids were grown in a randomized block design experiment, with three ... more

C.B. Menezes; D.C. Saldanha; C.V. Santos; L.C. Andrade; M.P.Mingote Júlio; A.F. Portugal; F.D. Tardin

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