Research Article

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Under the traditional grazing system on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, the amount of milk in domesticated yak (Bos grunniens) with clinical mastitis decreases and the milk composition is altered. To understand the mechanisms of mammary gland secreted milk and disease infection, changes in the protein composition of milk during clinical mastitis were investigated using a proteomic ... more

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Actins; Animal Feed; Animals; Cattle; Chemokine CCL5; Diet; Female; Interleukin-8; Lactalbumin; Lactation; Mammary Glands, Animal; Milk; Milk proteins; Random Allocation; Rumen

In order to evaluate the milk yield, milk quality, and health of dairy cows fed a high-concentrate (HC) diet, eight lactating Holstein dairy cattle were randomly assigned to HC or low-concentrate (LC) diet groups and fed for 50 days, and the auto-control studying before and after treatment with the two diets was used. During the experiment, plasma and milk samples were collected and measured. ... more

Z.L. Xie; J. Zhang; D.M. Zhang; J.F. Li; Y.H. Lin
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Gene duplication; Genetic polymorphism; Yak; κ-casein

The objective of this study was to compare 12 bp-duplication polymorphisms in exon 4 of the κ-casein gene among 3 breeds/populations of yak (Bos grunniens). Genomic DNA was extracted from yak blood or muscle samples (N = 211) and a partial sequence of exon 4 of κ-casein gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction. A polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis assay of the products (169 bp ... more

S. Pingcuo; J. Gao; Z.R. Jiang; S.Y. Jin; C.Y. Fu; X. Liu; L. Huang; Y.C. Zheng
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Benign prostate hyperplasia; Genetic polymorphism; Prostate cancer

We compared single-nucleotide polymorphisms for point mutations in cytochrome P450 genes, including cytochrome P450c17α (CYP17), cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19), steroid-5-a-reductase (SRD5A2), and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) involved in androgen and estrogen production. Between January 2008 and January 2010, 90 patients were enrolled in the study. Of ... more

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Matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) can mediate the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The MMP3 promoter gene exhibits polymorphism with 5A/6A alleles. We investigated the correlation between the expression of MMP3 gene polymorphism and RA to provide an objective basis for prognosis evaluation. We enrolled 80 RA patients and 80 healthy subjects. Enzyme- ... more

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ACE; Digestive system cancer; Genetic polymorphism; I/D polymorphism

The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism has been reported to be associated with digestive system cancer; however, the results from previous studies have been conflicting. The present study aimed to investigate the association between the ACE I/D polymorphism and the risk of digestive system cancer using a meta-analysis of ... more

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Colorectal cancer; Genetic polymorphism; HIV-1 infection; Leprosy; NLRP3; Rheumatoid arthritis

Using a meta-analysis framework, we investigated the association between the NLRP3 rs35829419 polymorphism and increased susceptibility to diverse diseases in humans. Relevant published studies were identified through a comprehensive and systematic electronic search, using the following scientific literature databases: Science Citation Index, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase ... more

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Genetic polymorphism; Interleukin-1 gene; Meta-analysis; Periodontitis

Genetic variations in human interleukin-1 (IL-1) genes are known to be involved in inflammatory disorders. The rs17561 and rs1143634 polymorphisms of IL-1α and IL-1β, respectively, have been increasingly recognized as important regulators in the development of periodontitis. However, the existence of a specific association remains controversial. Therefore, we ... more

W.T. Yin; Y.P. Pan; L. Lin; W.T. Yin; Y.P. Pan; L. Lin
10/21/2017
Arterial hypertension; Blood pressure; Genetic polymorphism; Polymorphic Aluyb8; WNK1

WNK1 (With No-lysine Kinase 1), a serine-threonine kinase, regulates blood pressure by acting on various sodium transport-related ion channels. Several studies report a link between common variants of the WNK1 gene and hypertension. No data exists on Russian populations. Our aim was to evaluate the association between the WNK1 AluYb8 polymorphism and hypertension ... more

E. Akhmedova; S.Y. Nikulina; A.B. Salmina; A. Chernova; M. Bazanova; A. Ohapkina; A. Semenchukov; P.E. Maltese; E. Manara; M. Bertelli

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