Research Article

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A.A. Leal; C.A. Mangolin; A.Tdo Amaral Júnior; L.S.A. Gonçalves; C.A. Scapim; A.S. Mott; I.B.O. Eloi; V. Cordovés; M.F.P. da Silva
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Cytokinin; Duplication; Maize (Zea mays); Phylogenetic analysis; RT-PCR; Two-component signal system

Cytokinins play many vital roles in plant development and physiology. In plants, cytokinin signals are sensed and transduced by the two-component signal system. This signaling cascade is typically composed of three proteins: a sensory histidine kinase, a histidine phosphotransfer protein, and a response regulator. Through a comprehensive genome-wide analysis of the maize (Zea mays ... more

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Cucumis sativus L.; Lipoxygenase; Phylogenetic analysis

Plant lipoxygenase (LOX) is involved in growth and developmental control processes, through the biosynthesis of regulatory molecules and defense responses to pathogens, wounding and stress. To date, few LOX proteins and little tissue expression profiling have been reported in detail for cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Recent completion of the cucumber genome sequence now permits ... more

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COI; Phylogenetic analysis; Tegillarca granosa

Blood cockles are among the most economically important brackish water invertebrates found in Malaysia. However, our knowledge of blood cockle phylogeny and systematics is rudimentary, especially for the species Tegillarca granosa. It is unclear, for instance, whether the cockles occurring on the west coast of peninsular Malaysia constitute a single species, or multiple, ... more

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D-loop; Genetic diversity; Mitochondrial gene; Persian Gulf; Phylogenetic analysis; Sea turtles

Genetic diversity of sea turtles (hawksbill turtle) was studied using sequencing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA, D-loop region). Thirty dead embryos were collected from the Kish and Qeshm Islands in the Persian Gulf. Analysis of sequence variation over 890 bp of the mtDNA control region revealed five haplotypes among 30 individuals. This is the first time that Iranian haplotypes have been ... more

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Glycine betaine; Osmoadaptation; Phylogenetic analysis; Transportation

Substrate-binding subunits are important components of the solute importation system, known as the osmoprotectant system, which consists of a membrane protein belonging to the ABC superfamily. These molecules recognize specific substrates that have different physiological roles in prokaryotes, i.e., roles that contribute to the survival of these organisms in environments with high ... more

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Diabetic wounds; Module analysis; Phylogenetic analysis

This study aimed to identify marker genes in diabetic wounds using a dataset based on a DNA microarray of dermal lymphatic endothelial cells, and our results provide a basic understanding of diabetic wounds through further study of these differentially expressed genes (DEGs). From the Gene Expression Omnibus database, we downloaded a gene expression microarray (GSE38396) that includes 8 ... more

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Curetis bulis; Lepidoptera; Lycaena phlaeas; Lycaenidae; Mitochondrial genome; Phylogenetic analysis

In this study, the complete mitochondrial genomes of Curetis bulis and Lycaena phlaeas were determined and analyzed. The circular genomes are 15,162 bp long for C. bulis and 15,280 bp long for L. phlaeas, with a total A+T content of 82.6 and 83.1%, respectively. Both mitogenomes contain 37 genes, and their gene orders are similar to those of other ... more

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