Research Article

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Fatty acid desaturases exist in all living organisms and play important roles in many different biologic processes, such as fatty acid metabolism, lipid biosynthetic processes, and pheromone biosynthetic processes. Using the available silkworm genome sequence, we identified 14 candidate fatty acid desaturase genes. Eleven genes contain 3 conserved histidine cluster motifs and 4 ... more

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Resistance to the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne spp. would be a valuable attribute of lettuce Lactuca sativa L. cultivars grown in tropical regions. The looseleaf lettuce ‘Grand Rapids’ is resistant to both M. incognita and M. javanica. Resistance to M. incognita has a high heritability, under the control of a single gene locus, in which the ... more

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Antibiotics; Chromobacterium violaceum; Resistance

Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living bacterium commonly found in aquatic habitats of tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This bacterium is able to produce a large variety of products of biotechnological and pharmacological use. Although C. violaceum is considered to be non-pathogenic, some cases of severe infections in humans and other animals have been reported ... more

F. Fantinatti-Garboggini; R. de Almeida; Vdo Amaral Portillo; T.A.P. Barbosa; P.Beltramini Trevilato; C.Eduardo Ra Neto; R.Duarte Coêlho; L.Aparecida Bartoleti; E.Seixas Hanna; M. Brocchi; G.P. Manfio; D.Wanderlei Silva
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Honey bee comb; Natural comb cell size; Reproduction; Resistance; Varroa destructor

Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera, Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Brazil are tolerant of infestations with the exotic ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor (Mesostigmata: Varroidae), while the European honey bees used in apiculture throughout most of the world are severely affected. Africanized honey bees are normally kept in hives with both naturally built small width ... more

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DNA sequence; Gene-rich region; Molecular marker; Resistance; Yellow rust

Analysis of DNA sequence variation among genotypes is useful for differentiation of wheat accessions, selection strategies and genetic development of crop plants. We screened molecular markers for yellow rust resistance genes (Yr7, Yr9, Yr15, Yr18, Yr26, and YrH52), which are in the gene-rich regions of wheat chromosomes 1B, 2B, and 7D ... more

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Genotype; RAPD; Resistance; Varroa destructor

The mite Varroa destructor is the main pest causing damage to apiculture worldwide. In Brazil and other parts of the world, where bees of African origin and their hybrids predominate, the bees can survive these mites without treatment. Studies have shown a correlation between the various genotypes of the mite and its fertility in different geographical regions. Information about ... more

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