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2013
E. R. Monteiro, Bronzato, A. R., Orasmo, G. R., Lopes, A. C. A., Gomes, R. L. F., Mangolin, C. A., and Machado, M. F. P. S., Genetic diversity analysis of Capsicum spp germplasm bank accessions based on α/β-esterase polymorphism, vol. 12, pp. 1155-1167, 2013.
Allendorf FW and Luikart G (2007). Conservation and the Genetics of Populations. Edition Blackwell Publishing, Maden.   Barrera LQ, Garcia MC, Giraldo MC and Melgarejo LM (2005). Caracterizacíon por isoenzimas de accesiones de Capsicum pertenecientes a la colección Amazonica colombiana. Rev. Colomb. Biotecnol. 2: 59-65.   Bosland PW and Votava EJ (2000). Peppers: Vegetable and Species Capsicum. 12th edn. CABI Publishing, Oxon.   Buso GSC, Lourenço RT, Bianchetti LB, Lins TCL, et al. (2001). Espécies Silvestres do Gênero Capsicum Coletadas na Mata Atlântica Brasileira e sua Relação Genética com Espécies Cultivadas de Pimenta: Uma Primeira Abordagem Genética Utilizando Marcadores Moleculares. Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasília.   Carvalho VM, Marques RM, Lapenta AS and Machado MFPS (2003). Functional classification of esterases from leaves of Aspidosperma polyneuron M. Arg. (Apocynaceae). Genet. Mol. Biol. 26: 195-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572003000200013   Carvalho VM, Marochio CA, Mangolin CA and Machado MFPS (2011). The use of esterase polymorphism for analysis of the genetic diversity and structure of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert. Bertoni) populations. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 39: 594-599. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2011.05.001   Frigo MJ, Mangolin CA, Oliveira RS Jr and Machado MFPS (2009). Esterase polymorphism for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla) populations. Weed Sci. 57: 54-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/WS-08-096.1   Gahan PB, Rana MA and Phillips R (1983). Activation of carboxylesterases in root cortical parenchymal cells of Pisum sativum during xylem induction in vitro. Cell Biochem. Funct. 1: 109-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbf.290010212 PMid:6679472   International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) (1983). Genetic Resources of Capsicum, a Global Plan of Action. IBPGR Executive Secretariat, Rome.   Kirschbaum-Titze P, Hiepler C, Mueller-Seitz E and Petz M (2002). Pungency in paprika (Capsicum annuum). 1. Decrease of capsaicinoid content following cellular disruption. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50: 1260-1263. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf010527a PMid:11853514   Loaiza-Figueroa F, Ritland K, Labor de Cancino JA and Tanksley SD (1989). Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico. Plant Syst. Evol. 165: 159-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00936000   Marshall SD, Putterill JJ, Plummer KM and Newcomb RD (2003). The carboxylesterase gene family from Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Mol. Evol. 57: 487-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00239-003-2492-8 PMid:14738307   McLeod MJ, Guttman SI, Eshbaugh WH and Rayle RE (1983). An electrophoretic study of evolution in Capsicum (Solanaceae). Evolution 37: 562-574. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2408269   Melati MR, Scialabba A and Bellani ML (1996). Carboxylestrase activity in the carrot seed and seedling. Eur. J. Histochem. 40: 159-166. PMid:8839711   Monteiro ER, Bastos EM, Lopes ACA, Gomes RLF, et al. (2010). Diversidade genética entre acessos de espécies cultivadas de pimentas. Cienc. Rural 40: 288-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782010005000015   Moscone EA, Scaldaferro MA, Grabiele M, Cecchini NM, et al. (2007). The evolution of Chili Peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective. Acta Hortic. 745: 137-170.   Nei M (1978). Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89: 583-590. PMid:17248844 PMCid:1213855   Onus AN and Pickersgill B (2000). A study of selected isozymes in Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum eximium, Capsicum cardenasii and two interespecific F1 hybrids in Capsicum species. Turk. J. Bot. 24: 311-318.   Orasmo GR, Oliveira-Collet SA, Lapenta AS and de Fatima PSM (2007). Biochemical and genetic polymorphisms for carboxylesterase and acetylesterase in grape clones of Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae) cultivars. Biochem. Genet. 45: 663-670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10528-007-9103-0 PMid:17710528   Park YK, Park KC, Park CH and Kim NS (2000). Chromosomal localization and sequence variation of 5S rRNA gene in five Capsicum species. Mol. Cells 10: 18-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10059-000-0018-4 PMid:10774742   Pereira AJ, Lapenta AS, Vidigal-Filho PS and Machado MF (2001). Differential esterase expression in leaves of Manihot esculenta Crantz infected with Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis. Biochem. Genet. 39: 289-296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012251228986 PMid:11758725   Pichersky E and Gershenzon J (2002). The formation and function of plant volatiles: perfumes for pollinator attraction and defense. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 5: 237-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1369-5266(02)00251-0   Pickersgill B (1969). The Domestication of Chili Peppers. In: The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals
A. C. Leme, Bevilaqua, M. R. R., Rhoden, S. A., Mangolin, C. A., Machado, M. F. P. S., and Pamphile, J. A., Molecular characterization of endophytes isolated from Saccharum spp based on esterase and ribosomal DNA (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) analyses, vol. 12, pp. 4095-4105, 2013.
2012
I. B. O. Eloi, Mangolin, C. A., Scapim, C. A., Gonçalves, C. S., and Machado, M. F. P. S., Selection of high heterozygosity popcorn varieties in Brazil based on SSR markers, vol. 11, pp. 1851-1860, 2012.
Bracco M, Lia VV, Gottlieb AM, Camara HJ, et al. (2009). Genetic diversity in maize landraces from indigenous settlements of Northeastern Argentina. Genetica 135: 39-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-008-9252-z PMid:18322805   Crespan M (2004). Evidence on the evolution of polymorphism of microsatellite markers in varieties of Vitis vinifera L. Theor. Appl. Genet. 108: 231-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1419-5 PMid:13679982   Dandolini TS, Scapim CA, Amaral AT Jr, Mangolin CA, et al. (2008). Genetic divergence in popcorn lines detected by microsatellite markers. Crop. Breed. Appl. Biotechn. 8: 313-320.   Don RH, Cox PT, Wainwright BJ, Baker K, et al. (1991). 'Touchdown' PCR to circumvent spurious priming during gene amplification. Nucleic Acids Res. 19: 4008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/19.14.4008 PMid:1861999 PMCid:328507   Freitas SP Jr, Amaral AT Jr, Pereira MG, Cruz CD, et al. (2006). Capacidade combinatória em milho pipoca por meio de dialelo circulante. Pesq. Agropec. Brasil. 41: 1599-1607. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2006001100005   Hocquigny S, Pelsy F, Dumas V, Kindt S, et al. (2004). Diversification within grapevine cultivars goes through chimeric states. Genome 47: 579-589. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g04-006 PMid:15190375   Hoisington DM, Khairallah D and Gonzalez-de-Leon L (1994). Laboratory Protocols: CIMMYT Applied Molecular Genetics Laboratory. 2nd edn. DF: CIMMYT, Mexico.   Leal AA, Mangolin CA, do Amaral ATJ, Goncalves LS, et al. (2010). Efficiency of RAPD versus SSR markers for determining genetic diversity among popcorn lines. Genet. Mol. Res. 9: 9-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol9-1gmr692 PMid:20082266   Leonello LAF, Cazetta DA and Fornasieri Filho D (2009). Características agronômicas e qualidade comercial de cultivares de milho pipoca em alta população. Acta Sci. Agron. 31: 215-220.   Li YC, Korol AB, Fahima T, Beiles A, et al. (2002). Microsatellites: genomic distribution, putative functions and mutational mechanisms: a review. Mol. Ecol. 11: 2453-2465. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294X.2002.01643.x PMid:12453231   Li YL, Lv DB, Wang YZ, Chen SJ, et al. (2004). Study on the genetic diversity of popcorn inbreeds and their germoplasm relationship with normal corn inbreeds using SSR markers. Maydica 49: 327-333.   Liu K, Goodman M, Muse S, Smith JS, et al. (2003). Genetic structure and diversity among maize inbred lines as inferred from DNA microsatellites. Genetics 165: 2117-2128. PMid:14704191 PMCid:1462894   Liu YJ, Huang YB, Rong TZ, Tian ML, et al. (2005). Comparative analysis of genetic diversity in land-races of waxy maize from Yunnan and Guizhou using SSR markers. Sci. Agric. Sin. 4: 648-653.   Matsuoka Y, Vigouroux Y, Goodman MM, Sanchez GJ, et al. (2002). A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99: 6080-6084. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.052125199 PMid:11983901 PMCid:122905   Miranda GV, Souza LV, Galvão JCC, Guimarães LJM, et al. (2008). Genetic variability and heterotic groups of Brazilian popcorn populations. Euphytica 162: 431-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-007-9598-9   Moncada X, Pelsy F, Merdinoglu D and Hinrichsen P (2006). Genetic diversity and geographical dispersal in grapevine clones revealed by microsatellite markers. Genome 49: 1459-1472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g06-102 PMid:17426761   Nei M (1973). Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 70: 3321-3323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.70.12.3321 PMid:4519626 PMCid:427228   Pereira LK, Scapim JB, Mangolin CA, Machado MFPS, et al. (2008). Heterozygosity following half-sib recurrent selection in popcorn using isoenzyme markers. Elect. J. Biotechn. 11: 107-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.2225/vol11-issue1-fulltext-2   Qi-Lun Y, Ping F, Ke-Cheng K and Guang-Tang P (2008). Genetic diversity based on SSR markers in maize (Zea mays L.) landraces from Wuling mountain region in China. J. Genet. 87: 287-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12041-008-0046-y PMid:19147917   Rangel RM, Amaral AT Jr, Scapim CA, Freitas SP Jr, et al. (2008). Genetic parameters in parents and hybrids of circulant diallel in popcorn. Genet. Mol. Res. 7: 1020-1030. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol7-4gmr502 PMid:19048481   Rupp JV, Mangolin CA, Scapim CA and Machado MFPS (2009). Genetic structure and diversity among sweet corn (Su1-germplasm) progenies using SSR markers. Maydica 54: 125-132.   Sambrook J, Fritsch EF and Maniatis T (1989). Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 2nd edn. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.   Santos FS, Amaral AT Jr, Freitas SP Jr, Rangel RM, et al. (2008). Genetic gain prediction of the third recurrent selection cycle in a popcorn population. Acta Sci. Agron. 30: 651-655.   Scapim CA, Braccini AL, Pinto RJB, Amaral AT Jr, et al. (2006). Componentes genéticos de médias e depressão por endogamia em populações de milho-pipoca. Cienc. Rural 36: 36-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782006000100006   Schlotterer C (2000). Evolutionary dynamics of microsatellite DNA. Chromosoma 109: 365-371. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004120000089 PMid:11072791   Schlotterer C and Wiehe T (1999). Microsatellites, A Neutral Marker to Infer Selective Sweeps. In: Microsatellites: Evolution and Applications (Goldstein DB and Schlötterer C, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, 238-247.   Silva TA, Pinto RJB, Scapim CA, Mangolin CA, et al. (2009). Genetic divergence in popcorn genotypes using microsatellites in bulk genomic DNA. Crop. Breed. Appl. Biotechn. 9: 31-36.   Subirana JA and Messeguer X (2008). Structural families of genomic microsatellites. Gene 408: 124-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2007.10.025 PMid:18022767   Trindade APR, Pinto RJB, Amaral AT Jr, Mangolin CA, et al. (2010). Genetic diversity of breeding popcorn lines determined by SSR markers. Elect. J. Biotechn. 13: 1-9.   Vieira RA, Souza Neto IL, Bignotto LS, Cruz CD, et al. (2009). Heterotic parametrization for economically important traits in popcorn. Acta Sci. Agron. 31: 411-419.   Vigouroux Y, Mitchell S, Matsuoka Y, Hamblin M, et al. (2005). An analysis of genetic diversity across the maize genome using microsatellites. Genetics 169: 1617-1630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.104.032086 PMid:15654118 PMCid:1449566   Vilela FO, Amaral AT Jr, Pereira MG, Scapim CA, et al. (2008). Effect of recurrent selection on the genetic variability of the UNB-2U popcorn population using RAPD markers. Acta Sci. Agron. 30: 25-30.   Wright S (1965). The interpretation of population structure by F-statistics with special regard to systems of mating. Evolution 19: 395-420. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2406450   Wright S (1978). Variability Within and Among Populations. In: Evolution and the Genetics of Populations (Wright S, ed.). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 580.   Wu YS, Zheng YL, Sun R, Wu SY, et al. (2004). Genetic diversity of waxy corn and popcorn landraces in Yunnan by SSR markers. Acta Agron. Sin. 30: 36-42.   Yeh FC, Yang R and Boyle T (1999). Microsoft Window-based freeware for population genetic analysis. Popgene Version 1.31. University of Alberta, Centro for International Forestry Research, Edmonton.
2011
L. C. Valentini, Mangolin, C. A., Collet, S. A. O., and Machado, M. F. P. S., Esterase polymorphisms for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars, vol. 10, pp. 2472-2481, 2011.
Abdelnoor RV, Debarros EG and Moreira MA (1995). Determination of genetic diversity within Brazilian soybean germplasm using random amplified polymorphic DNA techniques and comparative-analysis with pedigree data. Rev. Bras. Genet. 18: 265-273. Abe J and Ohara M (1992). New eletrophoretic mobility variations observed in wild soybean (G. soja) distributed in Japan and Korea. Soybean Genet. News 9: 63-72. Allendorf FW and Luikart G (2007). Conservation and the Genetics of Populations. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, Massachusetts. Bonato ALV, Calvo ES, Arias CAA, Toledo JFF, et al. (2006). Prediction of genetic variability through AFLP-based measure of genetic distance in soybean. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 6: 30-39. Carvalho VM, Marques RM, Lapenta AS and Machado MFPS (2003). Functional classification of esterases from leaves of Aspidosperma polyneuron M. Arg. (Apocynaceae). Genet. Mol. Biol. 26: 195-198. Ceron CR, Santos JR and Campos Bicudo HEM (1992). The use of gelatin to dry cellophane wound slab gels in an embroidering hoop. Braz. J. Genet. 15: 201-203. Frigo MJ, Mangolin CA, Oliveira RS Jr and Machado MFPS (2009). Esterase polymorphism for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla) populations. Weed Sci. 57: 54-60. Fu Y-B, Peterson GW and Morrison MJ (2007). Genetic diversity of canadian soybean cultivars and exotic germplasm revealed by simple sequence repeat markers. Crop Sci. 47: 1947-1954. Gorman MB (1984). An electrophoretic analysis of the genetic variation in the wild and cultivated soybean germplasm. Diss. Abstr. Int. B. 44: 11. Griffin JD and Palmer G (1995). Variability of thirteen isozyme loci in the USDA soybean germplasm collections. Crop Sci. 35: 897-904. Hirata T, Abe J and Shimamoto Y (1999). Genetic structure of the Japanese soybean population. Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 46: 441-453. Hwang T-Y, Nakamoto Y, Kono I, Enoki H, et al. (2008). Genetic diversity of cultivated and wild soybean including Japanese elite cultivars as revealed by length polymorphism of SSR markers. Breed. Sci. 58: 315-323. Larkin PJ and Scowcroft WR (1981). Somaclonal variation: a novel source of variability from cell cultures for plant improvement. Theor. Appl. Genet. 60: 197-214. Li Y, Guan R, Liu Z, Ma Y, et al. (2008). Genetic structure and diversity of cultivated soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) landraces in China. Theor. Appl. Genet. 117: 857-871. Li Z and Nelson RL (2001). Genetic diversity among soybean accessions from three countries measured by RAPDs. Crop Sci. Soc. Am. 41: 1337-1347. Miranda ZFS, Arias CAA, Prete CEC, Kiihl RAS, et al. (2007). Genetic characterization of ninety elite soybean cultivars using coefficient of parentage. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 42: 363-369. Nei M (1978). Estimation of average heterozygosiy and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89: 583-590. Oakeshott JG, van Papenrecht EA, Boyce TM, Healy MJ, et al. (1993). Evolutionary genetics of Drosophila esterases. Genetica 90: 239-268. Orasmo GR, Oliveira-Collet SA, Lapenta AS and de Fatima PSM (2007). Biochemical and genetic polymorphisms for carboxylesterase and acetylesterase in grape clones of Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae) cultivars. Biochem. Genet. 45: 663-670. Pereira AJ, Lapenta AS, Vidigal-Filho PS and Machado MF (2001). Differential esterase expression in leaves of Manihot esculenta Crantz infected with Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis. Biochem. Genet. 39: 289-296. Perry MC, McIntosh MS and Stoner AK (1991). Geographical patterns of variation in the USDA soybean germplasm collection: II. Allozyme frequencies. Crop Sci. 31: 1356-1360. Priolli RHG, Mendes-Junior CT, Arantes NE and Contel EPB (2002). Characterization of Brazilian soybean cultivars using microsatellite markers. Genet. Mol. Biol. 25: 185-193. Priolli RHG, Mendes-Junior CT, Sousa SMB, Sousa NEA, et al. (2004). Diversidade genética da soja entre períodos e entre programas de melhoramento no Brasil. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 39: 967-975. Robin C, Russell RJ, Medveczky KM and Oakeshott JG (1996). Duplication and divergence of the genes of the alpha-esterase cluster of Drosophila melanogaster. J. Mol. Evol. 43: 241-252. Roth EJ, Frazier BL, Apuya NR and Lark KG (1989). Genetic variation in an inbred plant: variation in tissue cultures of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Genetics 121: 359-368. Schwartz DE (1967). E1 esterase isozymes in maize: on the nature of the gene-controlled variation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 58: 568-575. Ude GN, Kenworthy JMC, Cregan PB and Alvernaz J (2003). Genetic diversity of soybean cultivars from China, Japan, North America, and North American ancestral lines determined by amplified fragment length polymorphism. Crop Sci. 43: 1858-1867. Wang LX, Guan RX, Li YH, Lin FY, et al. (2008). Genetic diversity of Chinese spring soybean germplasm revealed by SSR markers. Plant Breed. 127: 56-61. Wright S (1965). The interpretation of population structure by F-statistics with special regard to systems of mating. Evolution 19: 395-399. Wright S (1978). Variability Within and Among Populations. In: Evolution and the Genetics of Populations (Wright S, ed.). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 580. Xu DH and Gai JY (2003). Genetic diversity of wild and cultivated soybeans growing in China revealed by RAPD analysis. Plant Breed. 122: 503-506. Yamanaka N, Sato H, Yang Z, Xu DH, et al. (2007). Genetic relationship between Chinese, Japanese, and Brazilian soybean gene pools revealed by simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers. Genet. Mol. Biol. 30: 85-88. Yeh FC, Yang R and Boyle T (1999). POPGENE Version 1.31: Microsoft Window Based Freeware for Population Genetic Analysis: Quick User Guide. University of Alberta, Centre for International Forestry Research, Alberta. Yoon MS, Lee J, Kim CY, Kang JH, et al. (2009). DNA profiling and genetic diversity of Korean soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) landraces by SSR markers. Euphytica 165: 69-77. Yu HG and Kiang YT (1993). Genetic variation in South Korean natural populations of wild soybean (Glycine soja). Euphytica 68: 213-221. Zhou X, Carter Jr TE, Cui Z, Miyazaki S, et al. (2000). Genetic base Japanese soybean cultivars released during 1950 to 1988. Crop Sci. 40: 1794-1802.
2010
A. A. Leal, Mangolin, C. A., Júnior, A. Tdo Amaral, Gonçalves, L. S. A., Scapim, C. A., Mott, A. S., Eloi, I. B. O., Cordovés, V., and da Silva, M. F. P., Efficiency of RAPD versus SSR markers for determining genetic diversity among popcorn lines, vol. 9, pp. 9-18, 2010.
Aguiar CG, Schuster I, Amaral AT Jr, Scapim CA, et al. (2008). Heterotic groups in tropical maize germplasm by test crosses and simple sequence repeat markers. Genet. Mol. Res. 7: 1233-1244. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol7-4gmr495 PMid:19065758   Amaral Júnior AT (1999a). Divergência genética entre acessos de moranga do banco de germoplasma de hortaliças da Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Hortic. Bras. 17: 3-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05361999000100001   Amaral Júnior AT, Casali VWD, Cruz CD and Finger FL (1999b). Genetic inferences on yield and quality of tomato in a diallel cross. [Inferências genéticas na produção e qualidade de tomateiro sob cruzamento dialélico]. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 34: 1407-1416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X1999000800013   Bernardo R (2008). Molecular markers and selection for complex traits in plants: learning from the last 20 years. Crop Sci. 48: 1649-1664. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2008.03.0131   Binneck E, Nedel JL and Dellagostin OA (2002). RAPD analysis on cultivar identification: a useful methodology? [Análise de RAPD na identificação de cultivares: uma metodologia útil?]. Rev. Bras. Sem. 24: 183-196.   Bracco M, Lia VV, Gottlieb AM, Camara HJ, et al. (2009). Genetic diversity in maize landraces from indigenous settlements of Northeastern Argentina. Genetica 135: 39-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-008-9252-z PMid:18322805   Bruel DC, Carpentieri-Pípolo V, Gerage AC, Fonseca Júnior NS, et al. (2006). Genetic distance estimated by RAPD markers and its relationship with hybrid performance in maize. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 41: 1491-1498. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2006001000006   Chen X and Sullivan PF (2003). Single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping: biochemistry, protocol, cost and throughput. Pharmacogenomics J. 3: 77-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.tpj.6500167 PMid:12746733   Cruz CD (2006). Programa GENES: Estatística Experimental e Matrizes. Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa.   Dandolini TS, Scapim CA, Amaral Júnior AT, Mangolin CA, et al. (2008). Genetic divergence in popcorn lines detected by microsatellite markers. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 8: 313-320.   Demeke T, Sasikumar B, Hucl P and Chibbar RN (1997). Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) in cereal improvement. Maydica 42: 133-142.   Don RH, Cox PT, Wainwright BJ, Baker K, et al. (1991). 'Touchdown' PCR to circumvent spurious priming during gene amplification. Nucleic Acids Res. 19: 4008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/19.14.4008 PMid:1861999 PMCid:328507   Garcia AAF, Benchimol LL, Barbosa AMM, Geraldi IO, et al. (2004). Comparison of RAPD, RFLP, AFLP and SSR markers for diversity studies in tropical maize inbred lines. Genet. Mol. Biol. 27: 579-588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572004000400019   Goncalves LS, Rodrigues R, Amaral AT Jr, Karasawa M, et al. (2008a). Comparison of multivariate statistical algorithms to cluster tomato heirloom accessions. Genet. Mol. Res. 7: 1289-1297. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol7-4gmr526 PMid:19065764   Gonçalves LSA, Sudré CP, Bento CS, Moulin MM, et al. (2008b). Divergência genética em tomate estimada por marcadores RAPD em comparação com descritores multicategóricos. Hortic. Bras. 26: 364-370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362008000300014   Gonçalves LS, Rodrigues R, do Amaral Júnior AT, Karasawa M, et al. (2009). Heirloom tomato gene bank: assessing genetic divergence based on morphological, agronomic and molecular data using a Ward-modified location model. Genet. Mol. Res. 8: 364-374. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol8-1gmr549 PMid:19440972   Goodman MM and Stuber CW (1983). Races of maize. VI. Isozyme variation among races of maize in Bolivia. 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