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2016
D. G. Ferreira, Lima, S. C., Frantine-Silva, W., Silva, J. F., Apolinário-Silva, C., Sofia, S. H., Carvalho, S., Galindo, B. A., Ferreira, D. G., Lima, S. C., Frantine-Silva, W., Silva, J. F., Apolinário-Silva, C., Sofia, S. H., Carvalho, S., and Galindo, B. A., Fine-scale genetic structure patterns in two freshwater fish species, Geophagus brasiliensis (Osteichthyes, Cichlidae) and Astyanax altiparanae (Osteichthyes, Characidae) throughout a Neotropical stream, vol. 15, no. 4, p. -, 2016.
Conflicts of interestThe authors declare no conflict of interest.ACKNOWLEDGMENTSAuthors are grateful to the Araucaria Foundation for financial support; to the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for the scholarship awarded to D.G. Ferreira and S.C. Lima; to Dr. Oscar Akio Shibatta (State University of Londrina) for their help in identifying the species studied, and to Instituto Ambiental do Paraná (IAP) for permission to collect samples. REFERENCESAgostinho AA, Pelicice FM, Gomes LC, et al (2008). Dams and the fish fauna of the Neotropical region: impacts and management related to diversity and fisheries. Braz. J. Biol. 68 (Suppl): 1119-1132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842008000500019 Bardakci F, Skibinski DOF, et al (1994). Application of the RAPD technique in tilapia fish: species and subspecies identification. Heredity (Edinb) 73: 117-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1994.110 Boulton AJ, Boyero L and Covich AP Dobson, et al. (2008). Are tropical streams ecologically different from temperate streams? In: Tropical stream ecology (Dudgeon D, ed.). Academic Press, Hong Kong, 257-284. Carlsson J, Olsen HK, Nilsson J, Overli O, et al (1999). Microsatellites reveal fine-scale genetic structure in streamliving brown trout. J. Fish Biol. 55: 1290-1303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1999.tb02076.x Castro RMC, Casatti L, Santos HF, Ferreira KM, et al (2003). Estrutura e composição da ictiofauna de riachos do Rio Paranapanema, sudeste do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 3: 1-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032003000100007 Coelho ASG (2001). Software: Dboot - Avaliação de dendrogramas baseados em estimativas de distâncias/similaridades genéticas através do procedimento de bootstrap. Versão 3.0. Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia. Costa ADA, Ferreira DG, Silva WF, Zanatta AS, et al (2013). Fishes (Osteichthyes: Actinopterygii) from the Penacho stream, upper Paraná River basin, Paraná State, Brazil. Check List 9: 519-523. http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/9.3.519 Earl DA, VonHoldt BM, et al (2011). Structure Harvester: a website and program for visualizing structure output and implementing the Evanno method. Conserv. Genet. Resour. 4: 359-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12686-011-9548-7 Esteves KE, Aranha JMR, et al (1999). Ecologia de Peixes de Riachos: Estado Atual e Perspectivas. Oecol. Bras. 6: 157-182. Evanno G, Regnaut S, Goudet J, et al (2005). Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Mol. Ecol. 14: 2611-2620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02553.x Excoffier L, Laval G, Schneider S, et al (2007). Arlequin (version 3.0): an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evol. Bioinform. Online 1: 47-50. Ferreira DG, Galindo BA, Alves AN, Almeida FS, et al (2013). Development and characterization of 14 microsatellite loci in the Neotropical fish Geophagus brasiliensis (Perciformes, Cichlidae). J. Fish Biol. 83: 1430-1438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12227 Ferreira DG, Galindo BA, Frantine-Silva W, Almeida FS, et al (2015). Genetic structure of a Neotropical sedentary fish revealed by AFLP, microsatellite and mtDNA markers: a case study. Conserv. Genet. 16: 151-166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-014-0648-2 Frantine-Silva W, Ferreira DG, Nascimento RHC, Fracasso JF, et al (2015). Genetic analysis of five sedentary fish species in middle Laranjinha River (upper Paraná River basin): A case study. Genet. Mol. Res. 14: 18637-18649. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2015.December.28.13 Garcez R, Calcagnotto D, Almeida-Toledo LF, et al (2011). Population structure of the migratory fish Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes) from Rio Grande basin (Brazil), an area fragmented by dams. Aquat. Conserv. 21: 268-275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1176 Garutti V, et al (1988). Distribuição longitudinal da ictiofauna de um córrego na região noroeste do Estado de São Paulo, Bacia do Rio Paraná. Rev. Bras. Biol. 48: 747-759. Geist J, et al (2011). Integrative freshwater ecology and biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Indic. 11: 1507-1516. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.002 Goudet J (2001). FSTAT, a program to estimate and test gene diversities and fixation indices, version 2.9.3. Available at [www.unil.ch/izea/softwares/fstat.html]. Accessed September 10, 2015. Hughes JM, Schmidt DJ, Finn DS, et al (2009). Genes in streams: using DNA to understand the movement of freshwater fauna and their riverine habitat. Bioscience 59: 573-583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2009.59.7.8 Kimura M, Weiss GH, et al (1964). Stepping stone model of population structure and the decrease of genetic correlation with distance. Genetics 49: 561-576. Kullander SO (2003). Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Family Cichlidae (Cichlids). EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, 605-654. Leuzzi SMP, Almeida FS, Orsi ML, Sodré LMK, et al (2004). Analysis by RAPD of the genetic structure of Astyanax altiparanae (Pisces, Characiformes) in reservoirs on the Paranapanema River, Brazil. Genet. Mol. Biol. 27: 355-362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572004000300009 Luiz EA, Agostinho AA, Gomes LC, Hahn NS, et al (1998). Ecologia trófica de peixes em dois riachos da bacia do Rio Paraná. Rev. Bras. Biol. 58: 273-285. Miller MP (1997). Tools for population genetic analyses (TFPGA) 1.3: a Windows program for the analysis of allozyme and molecular population genetic data, version 1.3. Computer software distributed by the author. Moysés CB, Almeida-Toledo LFD, et al (2002). Restriction fragment length polymorphisms of mitochondrial DNA among five freshwater fish species of the genus Astyanax (Pisces, Characidae). Genet. Mol. Biol. 25: 401-407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572002000400008 Paiva SR, Dergam JA, Machado F, et al (2006). Determining management units in southeastern Brazil: the case of Astyanax bimaculatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characidae). Hydrobiologia 560: 393-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-9415-1 Pamponet VCC, Carneiro PLS, Affonso PRAM, Miranda VS, et al (2008). A multi-approach analysis of the genetic diversity in populations of Astyanax aff. bimaculatus Linnaeus, 1758 (Teleostei: Characidae) from Northeastern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6: 621-630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252008000400010 Piry S, Luikart G, Cornuet JM, et al (1999). BOTTLENECK: a computer program for detecting recent reductions in the effective population size using allele frequency data. J. Hered. 90: 502-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/90.4.502 Prioli SM, Prioli AJ, Júlio HFJrPavanelliCS, et al (2002). Identification of Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei, Characidae) in the Iguaçu River, Brazil, based on mitochondrial DNA and RAPD markers. Genet. Mol. Biol. 25: 421-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572002000400011 Pritchard JK, Stephens M, Donnelly P, et al (2000). Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155: 945-959. Raymond M, Rousset M, et al (1995). Genepop (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J. Hered. 86: 248-249. Schuelke M, et al (2000). An economic method for the fluorescent labeling of PCR fragments. Nat. Biotechnol. 18: 233-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/72708 Sofia SH, Silva CRM, Galindo BA, Almeida FS, et al (2006). Population Genetic Structure of Astyanax scabripinnis (Teleostei, Characidae) from an Urban Stream. Hydrobiologia 553: 245-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1106-4 Sofia SH, Galindo BA, Paula FM, Sodré LMK, et al (2008). Genetic diversity of Hypostomus ancistroides (Teleostei, Loricariidae) from an urban stream. Genet. Mol. Biol. 1: 317-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572008000200027 Suzuki HI, Pelicice FM, Luiz EA, Latini JD, et al. (2002). A planície alagável do rio Paraná: estrutura e processos ambientais. In: Estratégias reprodutivas da assembléia de peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná (Agostinho AA, Thomaz SM, Nakatani K, eds.). Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração, UEM, Maringá, 113-116. Vrijenhoek RC, et al (1998). Conservation genetics of freshwater fish. J. Fish Biol. 53: 394-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1998.tb01039.x Wilson GA, Rannala B, et al (2003). Bayesian inference of recent migration rates using multilocus genotypes. Genetics 163: 1177-1191. Winemiller KO, Agostinho AA and Caramaschi ÉP (2008). Fish ecology in tropical streams. In: Tropical stream ecology (Dudgeon D, ed.). Academic Press, Amsterdam, 107-146. Yeh FC, Yang R, Boyle TJ and Xiyan JM (2000). Pop Gene 32. Microsoft window-based freeware for population genetic analysis, v.1.32. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton. Zaganini RL, Hashimoto DT, Pereira LHG, Oliveira C, et al (2012). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the Neotropical fish Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei: Characiformes) and cross-species amplification. J. Genet. 91: e24-e27.  
D. G. Ferreira, Lima, S. C., Frantine-Silva, W., Silva, J. F., Apolinário-Silva, C., Sofia, S. H., Carvalho, S., Galindo, B. A., Ferreira, D. G., Lima, S. C., Frantine-Silva, W., Silva, J. F., Apolinário-Silva, C., Sofia, S. H., Carvalho, S., and Galindo, B. A., Fine-scale genetic structure patterns in two freshwater fish species, Geophagus brasiliensis (Osteichthyes, Cichlidae) and Astyanax altiparanae (Osteichthyes, Characidae) throughout a Neotropical stream, vol. 15, no. 4, p. -, 2016.
Conflicts of interestThe authors declare no conflict of interest.ACKNOWLEDGMENTSAuthors are grateful to the Araucaria Foundation for financial support; to the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for the scholarship awarded to D.G. Ferreira and S.C. Lima; to Dr. Oscar Akio Shibatta (State University of Londrina) for their help in identifying the species studied, and to Instituto Ambiental do Paraná (IAP) for permission to collect samples. REFERENCESAgostinho AA, Pelicice FM, Gomes LC, et al (2008). Dams and the fish fauna of the Neotropical region: impacts and management related to diversity and fisheries. Braz. J. Biol. 68 (Suppl): 1119-1132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842008000500019 Bardakci F, Skibinski DOF, et al (1994). Application of the RAPD technique in tilapia fish: species and subspecies identification. Heredity (Edinb) 73: 117-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1994.110 Boulton AJ, Boyero L and Covich AP Dobson, et al. (2008). Are tropical streams ecologically different from temperate streams? In: Tropical stream ecology (Dudgeon D, ed.). Academic Press, Hong Kong, 257-284. Carlsson J, Olsen HK, Nilsson J, Overli O, et al (1999). Microsatellites reveal fine-scale genetic structure in streamliving brown trout. J. Fish Biol. 55: 1290-1303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1999.tb02076.x Castro RMC, Casatti L, Santos HF, Ferreira KM, et al (2003). Estrutura e composição da ictiofauna de riachos do Rio Paranapanema, sudeste do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 3: 1-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032003000100007 Coelho ASG (2001). Software: Dboot - Avaliação de dendrogramas baseados em estimativas de distâncias/similaridades genéticas através do procedimento de bootstrap. Versão 3.0. Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia. Costa ADA, Ferreira DG, Silva WF, Zanatta AS, et al (2013). Fishes (Osteichthyes: Actinopterygii) from the Penacho stream, upper Paraná River basin, Paraná State, Brazil. Check List 9: 519-523. http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/9.3.519 Earl DA, VonHoldt BM, et al (2011). Structure Harvester: a website and program for visualizing structure output and implementing the Evanno method. Conserv. Genet. Resour. 4: 359-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12686-011-9548-7 Esteves KE, Aranha JMR, et al (1999). Ecologia de Peixes de Riachos: Estado Atual e Perspectivas. Oecol. Bras. 6: 157-182. Evanno G, Regnaut S, Goudet J, et al (2005). Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Mol. Ecol. 14: 2611-2620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02553.x Excoffier L, Laval G, Schneider S, et al (2007). Arlequin (version 3.0): an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evol. Bioinform. Online 1: 47-50. Ferreira DG, Galindo BA, Alves AN, Almeida FS, et al (2013). Development and characterization of 14 microsatellite loci in the Neotropical fish Geophagus brasiliensis (Perciformes, Cichlidae). J. Fish Biol. 83: 1430-1438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12227 Ferreira DG, Galindo BA, Frantine-Silva W, Almeida FS, et al (2015). Genetic structure of a Neotropical sedentary fish revealed by AFLP, microsatellite and mtDNA markers: a case study. Conserv. Genet. 16: 151-166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-014-0648-2 Frantine-Silva W, Ferreira DG, Nascimento RHC, Fracasso JF, et al (2015). Genetic analysis of five sedentary fish species in middle Laranjinha River (upper Paraná River basin): A case study. Genet. Mol. Res. 14: 18637-18649. http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2015.December.28.13 Garcez R, Calcagnotto D, Almeida-Toledo LF, et al (2011). Population structure of the migratory fish Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes) from Rio Grande basin (Brazil), an area fragmented by dams. Aquat. Conserv. 21: 268-275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1176 Garutti V, et al (1988). Distribuição longitudinal da ictiofauna de um córrego na região noroeste do Estado de São Paulo, Bacia do Rio Paraná. Rev. Bras. Biol. 48: 747-759. Geist J, et al (2011). Integrative freshwater ecology and biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Indic. 11: 1507-1516. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.002 Goudet J (2001). FSTAT, a program to estimate and test gene diversities and fixation indices, version 2.9.3. Available at [www.unil.ch/izea/softwares/fstat.html]. Accessed September 10, 2015. Hughes JM, Schmidt DJ, Finn DS, et al (2009). Genes in streams: using DNA to understand the movement of freshwater fauna and their riverine habitat. Bioscience 59: 573-583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2009.59.7.8 Kimura M, Weiss GH, et al (1964). Stepping stone model of population structure and the decrease of genetic correlation with distance. Genetics 49: 561-576. Kullander SO (2003). Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Family Cichlidae (Cichlids). EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, 605-654. Leuzzi SMP, Almeida FS, Orsi ML, Sodré LMK, et al (2004). Analysis by RAPD of the genetic structure of Astyanax altiparanae (Pisces, Characiformes) in reservoirs on the Paranapanema River, Brazil. Genet. Mol. Biol. 27: 355-362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572004000300009 Luiz EA, Agostinho AA, Gomes LC, Hahn NS, et al (1998). Ecologia trófica de peixes em dois riachos da bacia do Rio Paraná. Rev. Bras. Biol. 58: 273-285. Miller MP (1997). Tools for population genetic analyses (TFPGA) 1.3: a Windows program for the analysis of allozyme and molecular population genetic data, version 1.3. Computer software distributed by the author. Moysés CB, Almeida-Toledo LFD, et al (2002). Restriction fragment length polymorphisms of mitochondrial DNA among five freshwater fish species of the genus Astyanax (Pisces, Characidae). Genet. Mol. Biol. 25: 401-407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572002000400008 Paiva SR, Dergam JA, Machado F, et al (2006). Determining management units in southeastern Brazil: the case of Astyanax bimaculatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characidae). Hydrobiologia 560: 393-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-9415-1 Pamponet VCC, Carneiro PLS, Affonso PRAM, Miranda VS, et al (2008). A multi-approach analysis of the genetic diversity in populations of Astyanax aff. bimaculatus Linnaeus, 1758 (Teleostei: Characidae) from Northeastern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6: 621-630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252008000400010 Piry S, Luikart G, Cornuet JM, et al (1999). BOTTLENECK: a computer program for detecting recent reductions in the effective population size using allele frequency data. J. Hered. 90: 502-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/90.4.502 Prioli SM, Prioli AJ, Júlio HFJrPavanelliCS, et al (2002). Identification of Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei, Characidae) in the Iguaçu River, Brazil, based on mitochondrial DNA and RAPD markers. Genet. Mol. Biol. 25: 421-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572002000400011 Pritchard JK, Stephens M, Donnelly P, et al (2000). Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155: 945-959. Raymond M, Rousset M, et al (1995). Genepop (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J. Hered. 86: 248-249. Schuelke M, et al (2000). An economic method for the fluorescent labeling of PCR fragments. Nat. Biotechnol. 18: 233-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/72708 Sofia SH, Silva CRM, Galindo BA, Almeida FS, et al (2006). Population Genetic Structure of Astyanax scabripinnis (Teleostei, Characidae) from an Urban Stream. Hydrobiologia 553: 245-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1106-4 Sofia SH, Galindo BA, Paula FM, Sodré LMK, et al (2008). Genetic diversity of Hypostomus ancistroides (Teleostei, Loricariidae) from an urban stream. Genet. Mol. Biol. 1: 317-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572008000200027 Suzuki HI, Pelicice FM, Luiz EA, Latini JD, et al. (2002). A planície alagável do rio Paraná: estrutura e processos ambientais. In: Estratégias reprodutivas da assembléia de peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná (Agostinho AA, Thomaz SM, Nakatani K, eds.). Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração, UEM, Maringá, 113-116. Vrijenhoek RC, et al (1998). Conservation genetics of freshwater fish. J. Fish Biol. 53: 394-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1998.tb01039.x Wilson GA, Rannala B, et al (2003). Bayesian inference of recent migration rates using multilocus genotypes. Genetics 163: 1177-1191. Winemiller KO, Agostinho AA and Caramaschi ÉP (2008). Fish ecology in tropical streams. In: Tropical stream ecology (Dudgeon D, ed.). Academic Press, Amsterdam, 107-146. Yeh FC, Yang R, Boyle TJ and Xiyan JM (2000). Pop Gene 32. Microsoft window-based freeware for population genetic analysis, v.1.32. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton. Zaganini RL, Hashimoto DT, Pereira LHG, Oliveira C, et al (2012). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the Neotropical fish Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei: Characiformes) and cross-species amplification. J. Genet. 91: e24-e27.  
2011
L. S. Coelho, Felício, L. P., Miranda, C. T., Vale, C. R., Lima, D. C. S., Duarte, S. R., Ferreira, H. D., L. Chen, C., Carvalho, S., and da Silva, E. M., Modulatory effects of Duguetia furfuracea (A. St. Hil) Benth. and Hook. f. in Drosophila melanogaster somatic and germinative cells, vol. 10, pp. 75-85, 2011.
Carollo CA, Hellmann-Carollo AR, Siqueira JM and Albuquerque S (2006). Alkaloids and a flavonoid from aerial parts (leaves and twigs) of Duguetia furfuracea - Annonaceae. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. 51: 837-841. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072006000200001   Cortes D, Mynt SH, Dupont B and Davoust D (1993). Bioactive acetogenins from seeds of Annona cherimolia. Phytochemical 32: 1475-1482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85162-K   Cunha KS, Santos JH, Correa MJF and Lehmann M (1992). Avaliação do potencial mutagênico do ácido tânico em células germinais de Drosophila melanogaster. Rev. Bras. Genet. 15: 69.   Da Silva DB, Tulli EC, Militao GC, Costa-Lotufo LV, et al. (2009). The antitumoral, trypanocidal and antileishmanial activities of extract and alkaloids isolated from Duguetia furfuracea. Phytomedicine 16: 1059-1063. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2009.03.019 PMid:19423311   Dapkus D and Merrell DJ (1977). Chromosomal analysis of DDT-resistance in a long-term selected population of Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 87: 685-697. PMid:414959 PMCid:1213770   de Sousa NC, de Carvalho S, Spano MA and Graf U (2003). Absence of genotoxicity of a phytotherapeutic extract from Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville in somatic and germ cells of Drosophila melanogaster. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 41: 293-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/em.10151 PMid:12717784   Fechine IM, Cunha EVL, Filho JMB, Silva MS, et al. (2002). Alcalóides isolados de Hornschuchia obliqua (Annonaceae). XVIII Simpósio de Plantas Medicinais do Brasil, Recife.   Fragiorge EJ, Rezende AA, Graf U and Spano MA (2008). Comparative genotoxicity evaluation of imidazolinone herbicides in somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster. Food Chem. Toxicol. 46: 393-401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.08.022 PMid:17910989   Frana AS and Sufredini IB (2000). Determinação da Atividade Citotóxica em Artêmia de Extratos de Anonaceae. 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