The main objective of the current study was to explore the different activation mechanisms of capacitation and freeze-thawed spermatozoa. Using SDS-PAGE and Western blotting, the conversion process of boar proacrosin during freeze-thawing and capacitation of spermatozoa was analyzed. The results revealed that capacitated spermatozoa exhibited a greater fluorescence area than that of the freeze-thawed spermatozoa, which were smaller than those of the fresh group.
Protocadherins constitute a large family belonging to the cadherin superfamily; they function in various tissues of a wide variety of multicellular organisms. However, their functions and expression modes are still unknown in many of these species and tissues. We developed a fast and low-cost method to produce polyclonal antibody against chicken protocadherin 1 (Pcdh1) that could be used in assays for immunological assessment of protein expression levels of chicken Pcdh1.