Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a multifactorial disorder involving both acquired and genetic risk factors. The common genetic factors in Western populations have been studied and reported for several decades, while studies on Asian populations are relatively scarce. Evidence suggests that the prevalence and genetic risk factors of VTE vary significantly among ethnic populations. In this review, we summarize the common genetic risk factors of VTE in both Western and Asian populations.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality stemming from cardiovascular disease. It is a multifactorial disease caused by a combination of acquired risk factors, of which advanced age is the most significant, and genetic factors, including the variants FV G1691A, FII G20210A, and MTHFR C677T. We estimated the prevalence of these genomic variants in an elderly population of northeastern Brazil. The study included 188 elderly persons (65-93 years), of which 68 (36.2%) were men and 120 (63.8%) were women.