The vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) receptor (VDR) gene encodes a protein that functions in the transcriptional regulation of vitamin D-responsive genes and plays a role in innate immunity and adaptive immune responses. In this study, we investigated the relationship between VDR polymorphisms (BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) risk. We conducted an overall meta-analysis and subgroup meta-analysis based on ethnicity that included a total of 6 eligible studies (672 cases and 1148 controls).
A population-based study was undertaken to evaluate linkage between single-nucleotide polymorphisms known as risk factors and type 2 diabetes in an Indian population. The study population was comprised of 40 normal glucose-tolerant individuals (21 males and 19 females) and 40 type 2 diabetes patients (21 males and 19 females). The genes and their corresponding single-nucleotide polymorphisms that we screened were VDR (rs 731236 and rs 1544410), IL-6 (rs 1800795), TCF7L2 (rs 7903146) and TNF-α (rs 1800629).