Neural tube defects (NTD) are among the most common congenital abnormalities, with an incidence of 3 per 1000 live births in Turkey. In a study of major congenital abnormalities in the city of Denizli, Turkey, abnormalities of the central nervous system are particularly common (31.1%). The objective of this study was to develop a registry of cases with NTDs in Denizli. Cases that had been diagnosed with NTD between January 2004 and September 2010 in State Hospitals of Central Denizli were retrospectively examined. The diagnoses were established based on the ICD-10 criteria.
Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation can be used to infer honey bee evolutionary relationships. We examined DNA sequence diversity in the cytochrome C oxidase I (COI or Cox1) gene segment of the mitochondrial genome in 112 samples of Apis mellifera from 15 different populations in Turkey. Six novel haplotypes were found for the COI gene segment. There were eight variable sites in the COI gene, although only three were parsimony-informative sites. The mean pairwise genetic distance was 0.3% for the COI gene segment.
Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequent chromosome abnormality among live births. Its prevalence increases with maternal age, and can be diagnosed by antenatal screening. We examined prevalence variations of DS in Denizli, Turkey, through a retrospective study. Sixteen years of survey data were retrieved from the two main state hospital registries from records between 1994 and 2010. We identified 113 DS live births in Denizli for 16 years. The prevalence of DS was 9.07 per 10,000 live births before the year 2000 and 9.90 after 2000. The prevalence did not change significantly.
Oral clefts are one of the most common birth defects in humans. However, few population-based studies of these defects have been carried out in Turkey. Our objective was to determine the registries of cases of cleft lip and palate. All cases of cleft lip and palate referred to central state hospitals in Denizli between January 2000 and May 2010 were investigated retrospectively. Anomalies were determined and classified according to the ICD-10 coding system.
We reviewed cytogenetic studies performed on 4216 patients who were referred to the Cytogenetics Unit at Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbair, Southeast Turkey, between 2000 and 2009. The cases were grouped according to the reason of referral for cytogenetic analysis. The frequencies of the different types of numerical and structural abnormalities were determined, and the relative frequency of cases with abnormal karyotypes was calculated in each group. The most common reason for requesting cytogenetic testing was referral for Down syndrome and for repeated abortions.
We used the partially sequenced genomes of the turkey and chicken to find a large number of microsatellite markers. We then characterized 10 polymorphic microsatellite markers developed by cross-species amplification from economically and ecologically important birds to various European sub-species of the grey partridge. Even though we used cross-species amplification, a high degree of polymorphism was conserved in all microsatellite markers.
The multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene encodes a P-glycoprotein that plays a key role in drug bioavailability and response to drugs in different human populations. More than 50 SNPs have been described for the MDR1 gene. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is considered an autosomal recessive hereditary disease, associated with a single gene named the Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV).
Two local (Vezir-1 and Vezir-2) and two standard (M9 and MM106) clonal apple rootstocks were compared using both morphological and molecular markers. International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants criteria were used for morphological evaluation, which did not clearly separate these rootstocks. We tested 47 random decamer primers for random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis; 15 of them gave reproducible polymorphic patterns, yielding 109 bands, which showed 78% polymorphism.