Previous studies have suggested that the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) gene 308G/A polymorphism may be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) risk. However, this relationship is controversial. The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the correlation between the TNF-α308G/A polymorphism and susceptibility to PCOS. A systematic electronic search of PubMed and Embase databases was conducted using specific inclusion criteria.
Tumor necrosis factor alpha
We studied the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2 and 9 generated by cultured rabbit corneal epithelium cells that had been stimulated with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), to investigate the possible regulative mechanisms of MMP-2/9 and their potential effect on corneal inflammatory diseases. The rabbit corneal epithelium cells were cultured in vitro and incubated with different concentrations of TNF-α (0, 1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) for 24 h. The activity of MMP-2/9 was examined using gelatin zymography.
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of activated endothelial cells on the proliferation and secretion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cultured lung microvascular endothelial cells were treated with or without tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α; 10 ng/mL) for 6 h, and the supernatant was collected and filtered. The supernatant with TNF-α was called fluid A, and that without TNF-α was called fluid B.
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, coagulation, insulin resistance, and endothelial function. Polymorphisms of TNF-α have been associated with cancer. We examined the role of the -308G>A polymorphism in this gene by comparing the genotypes of 294 healthy Mexican women with those of 465 Mexican women with breast cancer. The observed genotype frequencies for controls and breast cancer patients were 1 and 14% for AA, 13 and 21% for GA, and 86 and 65% for GG, respectively.