The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of activated endothelial cells on the proliferation and secretion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cultured lung microvascular endothelial cells were treated with or without tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α; 10 ng/mL) for 6 h, and the supernatant was collected and filtered. The supernatant with TNF-α was called fluid A, and that without TNF-α was called fluid B.
Tumor necrosis factor alpha
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, coagulation, insulin resistance, and endothelial function. Polymorphisms of TNF-α have been associated with cancer. We examined the role of the -308G>A polymorphism in this gene by comparing the genotypes of 294 healthy Mexican women with those of 465 Mexican women with breast cancer. The observed genotype frequencies for controls and breast cancer patients were 1 and 14% for AA, 13 and 21% for GA, and 86 and 65% for GG, respectively.