Although a number of studies have reported that human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 alleles may be correlated with tuberculosis (TB), most were based on small samples or inconsistent and unclear results. Here, we present a meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles and TB susceptibility. We gathered relevant information from published studies on the association between HLA‑DRB1 alleles and TB susceptibility through a systematic research. Data from eligible fifteen studies were included in the meta-analyses.
We investigated the diagnostic values of microRNA-31 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis in Chinese patients. Sixty-five children with TB were selected for this study, which was conducted at the Department of Infectious Diseases People’s Hospital of Laiwu City between December 2013 and December 2014. Sixty healthy children, selected in parallel, served as the control group. Real-time PCR was used to detect miR-31 expression in PBMCs. Serum levels of IL-6, TNF-α, NF-κB, and IFN-γ was detected by ELISA.
In this study, we identified potential serum biomarkers for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB) and screening for latent TB infections (LTBIs). Peripheral blood samples from 40 healthy individuals, 40 patients with TB, and 40 LTBI individuals were stimulated with the TB-specific antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10. Human inflammatory cytokine arrays were used to detect the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines with significant changes were screened to construct a cytokine regulation network.