Th1/Th2 cytokine expression in diabetic retinopathy

Y. L. Cao, Zhang, F. Q., Hao, F. Q., Cao, Y. L., Zhang, F. Q., and Hao, F. Q., Th1/Th2 cytokine expression in diabetic retinopathy, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR), an important complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), is not well understood. T helper cell balance (Th1/Th2) is involved in various autoimmune diseases; however, its role in DR is not understood. This study explores changes in Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression during DR. Blood samples were collected from 25 healthy volunteers (normal control group), 35 patients with type 2 DM (T2DM group) without DR, and 30 cases of T2DM patients with DR (DR group).

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