Sugarcane is an important crop in Brazil, and this crop has social, economic and environmental impacts. Between the years 2012 and 2013, the area of sugarcane planted in Brazil was estimated at 9.8 million hectares (IBGE, 2013).
Effective breeding programs based on genetic diversity are needed to broaden the genetic basis of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Turkey. In this study, 81 commercial varieties from seven countries were studied in order to estimate the genomic relationships among them using nine inter-primer binding site (iPBS)-retrotransposon and 17 simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers. A total of 59 alleles for the SSR markers and 96 bands for the iPBS-retrotransposon markers were detected, with an average of 3.47 and 10.6 per locus, respectively.