We investigated the molecular genetic mechanism of sex reversal by exploring the relationship between mutations in the sex-determining genes SRY, SOX9, and DAX1 with genetic sex reversal disease. Mutations in the three key genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing after karyotype analysis. The mutations detected were then aligned with a random sample of 100 normal sequences and the NCBI sequence database in order to confirm any new mutations.
In order to analyze male sterility caused by deletion of SRY and DAZ, we examined the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of a modified primed in situ labeling (PRINS) technique for detection of single-copy genes. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 50 healthy men; medium-term cultured lymphocytes from these samples were suspended in fixative solution and then spread on clean slides.