Neural tube defects (NTD) are among the most common congenital abnormalities, with an incidence of 3 per 1000 live births in Turkey. In a study of major congenital abnormalities in the city of Denizli, Turkey, abnormalities of the central nervous system are particularly common (31.1%). The objective of this study was to develop a registry of cases with NTDs in Denizli. Cases that had been diagnosed with NTD between January 2004 and September 2010 in State Hospitals of Central Denizli were retrospectively examined. The diagnoses were established based on the ICD-10 criteria.