Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) and SOX9 are important transcription factors in chondrogenesis. In this study, we examined the biological function of the adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated BMP-7 and SOX9 double gene in vitro co-transfection of nucleus pulposus cells of human degenerative intervertebral disc. Human intervertebral disc nucleus pulposus cells were cultured in vitro and subcultured for 5 generations.
We investigated the molecular genetic mechanism of sex reversal by exploring the relationship between mutations in the sex-determining genes SRY, SOX9, and DAX1 with genetic sex reversal disease. Mutations in the three key genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing after karyotype analysis. The mutations detected were then aligned with a random sample of 100 normal sequences and the NCBI sequence database in order to confirm any new mutations.