Sorghum bicolor

Selection of sorghum hybrids grown under aluminum saturation

C. B. Menezes, Junior, G. A. Carvalho, Silva, L. A., Bernardino, K. C., Magalhães, J. V., Guimarães, C. T., Guimarães, L. J. M., and Schaffert, R. E., Selection of sorghum hybrids grown under aluminum saturation, vol. 13, pp. 5964-5973, 2014.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate 165 hybrids derived from lines previously selected for aluminum (Al) tolerance. Nine check cultivars were used, eight commercial hybrids and one experimental hybrid. Hybrids were evaluated at three levels of Al saturation (0, 20 and 40% on average). The differences between the environments were significant. Environment with 0% Al saturation yielded 29.5% more than that with 40% Al saturation, showing the importance of genotype selection for acid soils. The best check cultivar was the hybrid DKB550.

Stability and adaptability of grain sorghum hybrids in the off-season

J. E. Almeida Filho, Tardin, F. D., Daher, R. F., Barbé, T. C., Paula, C. M., Cardoso, M. J., and Godinho, V. P. C., Stability and adaptability of grain sorghum hybrids in the off-season, vol. 13, pp. 7626-7635, 2014.

We analyzed productivity data obtained from experiments on grain sorghum conducted in 7 locations of its cultivation in Brazil. A total of 25 hybrids were analyzed, of which 22 were pre-commercial and 3 were cultivars. The Wricke and Purchase et al. methods were highly consistent in identifying individuals with low contributions to genotype x environment interactions. The Lin and Binns method proved to be easily applicable and interpretable but it was not efficient in detecting individuals with specific adaptations.

Selection indices to identify drought-tolerant grain sorghum cultivars

C. B. Menezes, Ticona-Benavente, C. A., Tardin, F. D., Cardoso, M. J., Bastos, E. A., Nogueira, D. W., Portugal, A. F., Santos, C. V., and Schaffert, R. E., Selection indices to identify drought-tolerant grain sorghum cultivars, vol. 13, pp. 9817-9827, 2014.

Twenty-five cultivars of grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] were examined under both drought stress and normal conditions in 4 experiments. In each condition, genotypes were evaluated in a factorial experiment using a randomized complete block design with 3 replications.

Biodiversity in the sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) germplasm of Pakistan

A. Iqbal, Sadia, B., Khan, A. I., Awan, F. S., Kainth, R. A., and Sadaqat, H. A., Biodiversity in the sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) germplasm of Pakistan, vol. 9, pp. 756-764, 2010.

Sorghum ranks fifth in worldwide economic importance among cereal crops and is one of the most important summer annual grasses of Pakistan. As it is a very diverse crop, sorghum genetic fingerprinting requires an efficient marker system. We estimated genetic divergence among 29 sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) genotypes, including approved varieties and local and exotic lines collected from different ecological regions of Pakistan, using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers.

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