Otosclerosis (MIM 166800) is primarily a metabolic bone disorder of the otic capsule, which leads to bony fixation of the stapedial footplate in the oval window; it is among the most common causes of acquired hearing loss. The etiology of this disease is largely unknown, although epidemiological studies suggest the involvement of both genetic and environmental factors. Recently, a reelin gene, SNP rs3914132, located in intron 2, was shown to be associated with otosclerosis in a European population.
We analyzed the polymorphisms TFAM HaeIII, TFAM MboI and FABP4 MspA1I in three Nellore lines selected for growth in order to evaluate how selection affects the frequencies of these polymorphisms and evaluate their association with growth and carcass traits in Zebu cattle. Birth, weaning and yearling weights, rump height, longissimus muscle area, backfat thickness, and rump fat thickness were analyzed.