Sheep

Polymorphisms of KAP6, KAP7, and KAP8 genes in four Chinese sheep breeds

Y. X. Liu, Shi, G. Q., Wang, H. X., Wan, P. C., Tang, H., Yang, H., and Guan, F., Polymorphisms of KAP6, KAP7, and KAP8 genes in four Chinese sheep breeds, vol. 13, pp. 3438-3445, 2014.

High glycine-tyrosine proteins (HGTPs), also known as keratin-associated proteins (KAPs), play a key role in the major structures and mechanical properties of wool fiber. Sheep HGTPs consist of three multigene families: KAP6, KAP7, and KAP8 genes. Polymorphisms of these three genes have been proposed to have important effects on wool fiber traits. The aim of the present study was to identify polymorphisms of the KAP6, KAP7, and KAP8 genes in four sheep breeds, including Chinese Merino superfine wool sheep, Hu sheep, a Merino x Hu crossed breed, and Romney sheep.

Analysis of geographic and pairwise distances among sheep populations

J. B. Liu, Yue, Y. J., Lang, X., Wang, F., Zha, X., Guo, J., Feng, R. L., Guo, T. T., Yang, B. H., and Sun, X. P., Analysis of geographic and pairwise distances among sheep populations, vol. 13, pp. 4177-4186, 2014.

This study investigated geographic and pairwise distances among seven Chinese local and four introduced sheep populations via analysis of 26 microsatellite DNA markers. Genetic polymorphism was rich, and the following was discovered: 348 alleles in total were detected, the average allele number was 13.38, the polymorphism information content (PIC) of loci ranged from 0.717 to 0.788, the number of effective alleles ranged from 7.046 to 7.489, and the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.700 to 0.768 for the practical sample, and from 0.712 to 0.794 for expected heterozygosity.

Effects of different dietary intake on mRNA levels of MSTN, IGF-I, and IGF-II in the keletal muscle of Dorper and Hu sheep hybrid F1 rams

H. J. Xing, Wang, Z. Y., Zhong, B. S., Ying, S. J., Nie, H. T., Zhou, Z. R., Fan, Y. X., and Wang, F., Effects of different dietary intake on mRNA levels of MSTN, IGF-I, and IGF-II in the keletal muscle of Dorper and Hu sheep hybrid F1 rams, vol. 13, pp. 5258-5268, 2014.

MSTN, IGF-І(insulin-like growth factor-І) and IGF-II (insulin-like growth factor-II) regulate skeletal muscle growth. This study investigated the effects of different dietary intake levels on skeletal muscles. Sheep was randomly assigned to 3 feeding groups: 1) the maintenance diet (M), 2) 1.4 x the maintenance diet (1.4M), and 3) 2.15 x the maintenance diet (2.15M). Before slaughtering the animals, blood samples were collected to measure plasma urea, growth hormone, and insulin concentrations.

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