Sheep

Ovine prion protein genotype frequencies in northwestern China

C. - L. Zhao, Wu, R., Liu, L., Li, F. - D., Zhang, X. - L., Wang, C., Wang, F., Diao, X. - L., Guan, H. - W., Wang, X., and Zhou, L., Ovine prion protein genotype frequencies in northwestern China, vol. 11, pp. 1671-1681, 2012.

Anti-scrapie breeding programs have been initiated to screen for scrapie-resistant sheep based on ovine prion protein gene (PRNP) genotypes at codons 136, 154 and 171 in many countries, especially European Union member states. However, investigation of sheep PRNP genotypes is limited in China, despite the large number of sheep breeds. We analyzed 432 sheep of five different breeds from farms in northwestern China, using PCR-single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis (PCR-SSCP); the corresponding haplotypes of different PRNP alleles were cloned.

Molecular characterization and functional analysis of sheep thyroid transcription factor-1

L. P. Zhang, Ma, B. Y., Han, F. X., Wan, H. L., Wu, J. P., Yu, L. H., Wang, X. R., and Zhu, J. Y., Molecular characterization and functional analysis of sheep thyroid transcription factor-1, vol. 11, pp. 2585-2597, 2012.

Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), a member of the Nkx2 family of homeodomain-containing proteins, is involved in binding to and in activating the promoters of several important genes in the thyroid, lungs, and brain, and in regulating expression of these tissue-specific genes. We investigated potential roles of sheep (Ovis aries) TTF-1 in regulating cell fate and organ morphogenesis and in controlling puberty and reproductive capability of females.

Adaptation of a low-cost medium-throughput genotyping system for ovine prion protein gene polymorphims associated with scrapie

P. Ianella, McManus, C. M., Paiva, S. R., and Caetano, A. R., Adaptation of a low-cost medium-throughput genotyping system for ovine prion protein gene polymorphims associated with scrapie, vol. 10. pp. 3180-3185, 2011.

Resistance and susceptibility to scrapie in sheep have been associated with SNPs located at codons 136, 154 and 171 of the prion protein (PRNP) gene. Many countries have sheep breeding programs selecting for resistance to scrapie based on the genotyping of these SNPs. We adapted a fast and robust method for genotyping sheep flocks for these polymorphisms, with reduced costs. Ninety-six samples were genotyped using an adapted SNaPshot PRNP assay, and the results were checked by resequencing.

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