The unusual life cycle of Dictyostelium discoideum, in which an extra-cellular stressor such as starvation induces the development of a multicellular fruiting body consisting of stalk cells and spores from a culture of identical amoebae, provides an excellent model for investigating the molecular control of differentiation and the transition from single- to multi-cellular life, a key transition in development.
Diffuse infiltrating gliomas are the most common tumors of the central nervous system. Gliomas are classified by the WHO according to their histopathological and clinical characteristics into four classes: grade I (pilocytic astrocytoma), grade II (diffuse astrocytoma), grade III (anaplastic astrocytoma), and grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme). Several genes have already been correlated with astrocytomas, but many others are yet to be uncovered.
Although alternative splicing of many genes has been found associated with different stages of tumorigenesis and splicing variants have been characterized as tumor markers, it is still not known whether these examples are sporadic or whether there is a broader association between the two phenomena. In this report we evaluated, through a bioinformatics approach, the expression of splicing factors in both normal and tumor tissues. This was possible by integrating data produced by proteomics, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) and microarray experiments.
When analyzing sequencing reads, it is important to distinguish between putative correct and wrong bases. An open question is how a PHRED quality value is capable of identifying the miscalled bases and if there is a quality cutoff that allows mapping of most errors. Considering the fact that a low quality value does not necessarily indicate a miscalled position, we decided to investigate if window-based analyses of quality values might better predict errors.