Lung cancer is the most common cancer occurring worldwide. The human X-ray repair complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene is one of the most important candidate genes that influence the susceptibility to lung cancer. The objective of this study was to analyze the potential association between the c.1804C>A genetic variant of XRCC1 and lung cancer susceptibility. A total of 703 subjects were recruited for this study. Genotyping of c.1804C>A genetic variant was performed using the created restriction site-polymerase chain reaction.