The function of rare genotypes encoding defective variants of sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) in some autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is ambiguous. We determined whether mutations in the SIAE gene are responsible for RA in a Han Chinese population.DNA was prepared from the venous leukocytes of 444 RA patients and 647 normal controls. The coding regions and adjacent intron sequences of SIAE were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The products were then subjected to sequencing analysis.
Matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) can mediate the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The MMP3 promoter gene exhibits polymorphism with 5A/6A alleles. We investigated the correlation between the expression of MMP3 gene polymorphism and RA to provide an objective basis for prognosis evaluation. We enrolled 80 RA patients and 80 healthy subjects.
The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by inflammation. We aimed to examine the roles of double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) and high-mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB1) in a rat model of RA. Male SD rats were divided into three groups: control, RA model, and intervention (RA model plus treatment). The model of RA was made by injecting Freund’s adjuvant into the posterior right limb of the rat and the intervention group received a PKR-specific inhibitor C16 after RA modeling.
The effect of sinomenine (SIN) on the toll-like receptor (TLR) signal transduction pathway as well as the expression of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor-6 (TRAF6) was investigated. SIN inhibition of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) proliferation and RA cartilage and subchondral bone destruction was also investigated. RA-FLS were cultured in vitro and the intracellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined in order to obtain the optimal drug concentration.