Shoot branching, i.e., the timing and position of shoot growth, determines to a large extend the pattern of plant architecture, and is the result of the integration of a plant’s genetic background and environmental cues. Many genes that are involved in the formation and outgrowth of axillary buds have been cloned, but the exact mechanism is still unclear. Branching pattern is an important agronomic trait in many crops, including cotton. In the present study, we cloned four genes from cotton, and designated them as GhLOF1/2/3/4.
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is one of the most abundant and conserved chaperone proteins and plays important roles in plant growth and responses to environmental stimuli. However, little is known regarding the sequence and function of Hsp90s in Matricaria recutita. In the present study, we cloned the full-length cDNA sequence of the hsp90 gene from this species.
The plant gaseous hormone ethylene regulates many aspects of plant growth, development, and responses to the environment. Ethylene insensitive3 (EIN3) is a key transcription factor involved in the ethylene signal transduction pathway. To gain a better understanding of this particular pathway in cucumber, the full-length cDNA encoding EIN3 (designated as CsEIN3) was cloned from cucumber for the first time by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full length of CsEIN3 was 2560 bp, with an open reading frame of 1908 bp encoding 635 amino acids.
Tocopherol cyclase is a rate-limiting enzyme involved in tocopherol biosynthesis. The full-length cDNA encoding tocopherol cyclase (designated as LsTC) was cloned from lettuce (Lactuca sativa) for the first time by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) and characterized by means of quantitative RT-PCR. The full-length cDNA of LsTC was 1675 bp, with an open reading frame of 1521 bp, encoding a tocopherol cyclase protein of 506 amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 56.76 kD and an isoelectric point of 6.49.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an essential role in mammalian spermatogenesis and follicular development. In a previous study, we demonstrated that some bulls carry numerous linked mutations in the FSH beta-subunit (FSHB) gene, and that these bulls have poor-quality semen, low fertility, and slightly lower serum FSH concentration compared to those without such mutations. Here, we identified the different FSHB mRNA transcripts in such individuals and analyzed the evolutionary pattern of the FSHB open reading frame (ORF) in different species.
The invariant chain (Ii) plays an important role as a chaperone for MHC II maturation and facilitates antigen presentation in vertebrates. We cloned, characterized and made a homology analysis of healthy adult muscovy duck Ii (MDIi), from a poultry farm in the suburban district of Hefei city in China, by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)-PCR and by measuring expression of the MDIi gene in various tissues by real-time quantitative PCR. A full-length cDNA sequence of MDIi was obtained, 1188-bp long, encoding a 222-amino acid protein.
γ-tocopherol methyltransferase is an important rate-limiting enzyme involved in tocopherol biosynthesis. The full-length cDNA encoding γ-tocopherol methyltransferase (designated as LsTMT) was cloned from Lactuca sativa for the first time by rapid amplification of cDNA ends and characterized by means of quantitative RT-PCR. The full-length cDNA of LsTMT was 1131 bp, with an open reading frame of 897 bp encoding a γ-tocopherol methyltransferase protein of 298 amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 33.06 kDa and an isoelectric point of 5.86.