Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by BCR-ABL translocation and an increased number and migration of immature myeloid cells into the peripheral blood. The detection limit of the BCR-ABL transcript, particularly after treatment, is controversial.
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction
The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway regulates the differentiation of many kinds of cells and plays a critical role in many embryonic and postnatal developmental processes. Gli1 and Gli2 are two transcription factors of the Hh signaling pathway. In this study, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect the relative expression of Gli1 and Gli2 in 13 tissues from three two-year-old purebred Qinchuan cattle, as well as in different cell populations derived from muscle and different stages of myogenic differentiation of myoblasts.
Phospholipase C zeta 1 (PLCζ1), which transcribes a key protein, has an important function in oocyte activation and embryo development because PLCζ1 can trigger a series of intracellular Ca2+ oscillations in mammals. In this study, a novel splice variant in the testis tissues of adult and fetal Chinese Holstein bulls was characterized by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequencing analysis.
The thioredoxin (Trx) system consists of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), Trx, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). TrxR is an NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase. Trx is a ubiquitous small protein with a redox-active disulfide bridge that plays important regulatory roles in some vital metabolic reactions. In this study, a cDNA sequence (SpTrx1) showing high identity to the first Trx gene was isolated from a hepatopancreas cDNA library of the mud crab Scylla paramamosain.