Diallel crossing methods provide information regarding the performance of genitors between themselves and their hybrid combinations. However, with a large number of parents, the number of hybrid combinations that can be obtained and evaluated become limited. One option regarding the number of parents involved is the adoption of circulant diallels. However, information is lacking regarding diallel analysis using mixed models.
Breeders normally select simultaneously for several traits in various environments. We investigated the effects of the progeny x environment interaction on success in selection for several traits. The population used was obtained from a cross between the CVIII-85-11 line, which has a semi-erect to prostrate plant architecture and a cream with brown streaks bean type, and the BRS-Supremo cultivar, which has an erect plant architecture and black grains.
Knowledge of genetic control of plant architecture in the common bean can help breeders define the most adequate breeding strategy to optimize gains. We examined genetic control of plant architecture in the common bean by means of partial diallel crosses. Fourteen bean lines were crossed under a partial diallel scheme, in which group 1 was composed of 8 erect plant lines and group 2 of 6 carioca-type grain lines.