In this study, a survey was conducted through questionnaire distribution and physical examinations were performed in 10,150 residents that were over 40 years old in Luzhou city. Respondents were selected by the multi-stage sampling method. The mean body mass index (BMI) of the sample population was 23.9 ± 3.3 kg/m2. Among men, BMI showed a negative relationship with increasing age (P
Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequent chromosome abnormality among live births. Its prevalence increases with maternal age, and can be diagnosed by antenatal screening. We examined prevalence variations of DS in Denizli, Turkey, through a retrospective study. Sixteen years of survey data were retrieved from the two main state hospital registries from records between 1994 and 2010. We identified 113 DS live births in Denizli for 16 years. The prevalence of DS was 9.07 per 10,000 live births before the year 2000 and 9.90 after 2000. The prevalence did not change significantly.
Vitamin D has important immuno-modulatory properties and it influences insulin secretion. It acts through a vitamin D receptor (VDR), for which several gene polymorphisms have been described. The Uruguayan population presents several epidemiological characteristics that make it different from that of other counties, including other Latin-American countries. It went through miscegenation processes, with a tri-hybrid European, Amerindian and African origin, with no contribution from isolated Amerindian communities.