Human cystatin C (CysC) is a cysteine proteinase inhibitor with many potential applications. To facilitate further studies of the functions and applications of CysC, we improved the heterologous expression of CysC using a basic codon optimization method. In this study, we cloned the high-GC content wild-type sequence of the CysC gene and also designed a slightly AT-biased sequence, with codons optimized for expression in the Pichia pastoris GS115 strain.
Filamentous fungi from the genus Trichoderma have been widely investigated due to their considerable production of important biotechnological enzymes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the T. harzianum strain IOC-3844 has a high degree of cellulolytic activity. After excluding the native signal peptide, the open reading frame of the T. harzianum endoglucanase III enzyme was cloned in the expression vector pPICZαA, enabling protein secretion to the culture medium. The recombinant plasmid was used to transform Pichia pastoris.
Aralia elata is an important medicinal plant in China; it produces large amounts of oleanane type triterpene saponins. A full-length cDNA encoding β-amyrin synthase (designated as AeAS) was isolated from young leaves of A. elata by reverse transcription-PCR. The full-length cDNA of AeAS was found to have a 2292-bp open reading frame, encoding a protein with 763 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence of AeAS showed the highest identity (97%) to Panax ginseng β-amyrin synthase.
Papillomaviruses are known to cause benign or malignant lesions in various animals. In cattle, bovine papillomavirus (BPV) is the etiologic agent of papillomatosis and neoplasia of the upper gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder. Currently, there are no standard diagnostic tests or prophylactic vaccines. Protection against papillomavirus infection is conferred by neutralizing antibodies directed towards the major structural protein L1.
Xanthomonas citri subsp citri (Xac) is the bacterium responsible for citrus canker disease in citrus plants. The aim of this study was to describe the recombinant expression, purification, and characterization of a cysteine peptidase from Xac strain 306, which is a candidate for involvement in the pathogenicity of this bacterium. The gene was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris, and the cysteine peptidase was successfully expressed, secreted, and purified using affinity chromatography with a yield of approximately 10 mg/L.
During its biosynthesis in developing Canavalia brasiliensis seeds, the lectin ConBr undergoes a form of protein splicing in which the order of the N- and C-domains of the protein is reversed. To investigate whether these events can occur in other eukaryotic organisms, an expression system based on Pichia pastoris cells was established. A DNA fragment encoding prepro-ConBr was cloned into the vector pPICZB, and the recombinant plasmid was transformed in P. pastoris strain GS115. Ten clones were screened for effective recombinant protein production.