Pelodiscus sinensis is a common freshwater soft-shell turtle found in China, and is an important aquaculture species. In this study, 20 polymorphic microsatellite primers were developed from the transcriptome. The genetic diversity of three populations of P. sinensis was evaluated, using 72 individuals. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 26. The observed and expected heterozygosities varied from 0.208 to 0.958, and from 0.302 to 0.963, respectively. The polymorphic information content varied from 0.283 to 0.953.
Twenty-one novel polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated from the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis (Trionychidae). This is a commonly consumed Asian species, especially in China, where it is reared in large numbers on farms. We screened 34 unrelated individuals from Wuhu of Anhui province in China and detected high levels of polymorphism for all 21 loci, with the number of alleles/locus ranging from 5 to 23 (mean 15.67). The expected and observed heterozygosities ranged from 0.421 to 0.946 and from 0.324 to 0.941, respectively.