We conducted a cohort study to investigate whether 3 potential single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group G (XPG) gene could predict the survival of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. We enrolled 262 patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC between November 2007 and December 2008 in this study. The 3 SNPs (rs2296147T>C, rs2094258C>T, and rs873601G>A) were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.
We examined mRNA expression levels of ERCC1, BRCA1, RRM1, and human β-tubulin-III (TUBB3) in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients and investigated the association between expression of these genes and the clinical outcome of NSCLC treatment. A total of 366 patients who underwent surgery for NSCLC were included in this study. All patients received third-generation platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment. The relative cDNA quantification for ERCC1, RRM1, BRCA1, and TUBB3 was determined using a fluorescence-based, real-time detection method.